This H is this H, this oxygen is this oxygen. So the whole point of this video is to see how you can start with these simple sugars, these monosaccharides, and form disaccharides. The table below will give you more simplified view of their reactions: Type of Organic Compound.
Glycosidic bonds are formed as a result of the reaction between two monosaccharides releasing a water molecule whereas peptide bonds are formed as a result of the reaction between two amino acids releasing a water molecule. When people talk about something being saccharine, they're saying something is very, very sweet. Well, it means, mono means single or one and saccharide comes from the Greek word for sugar. Foods, having complex molecules are broken down into simple molecules.
Byproducts Dehydration: Dehydration synthesis reactions give water molecules as byproducts. Such are classified based on the following: 1.
So saccharide means it's a sugar, it's a single sugar. In contrast, in the process of Dehydration Synthesis you have a hydroxyl on each side, so if oxygen and two hydrogens are taken out and bind the remaining oxygen to the remaining hydrogen to form a polymer.
Two monosaccharides were involved. Based on the nature of reactants For instance, this criterion is due to the fact that biomolecules and their building blocks are made of chemical elements and functional groups that are combined together. Polysaccharides, or many simple sugars, many monosaccharides, many monosaccharides put together. So this oxygen is now going to be this oxygen.
Base Hydrolysis In relation to what was mentioned above, the water molecule can act as a base and hydrolyze molecules.
Available here. For example, the reaction between an alcohol and a carboxylic acid may produce an ester , releasing a water molecule as the byproduct.
Now polysaccharides are super important, and you have probably eaten some polysaccharides today, and you probably have some, in fact, I'm sure you have some polysaccharides stored in your cells right now. Now we went from two monosaccharides to right over here. In order to break the bonds, water must be added to the equation. This is because, in condensation reactions, a water molecule is formed whereas in hydrolysis a water molecule is consumed. On the other hand, in Biology, this process involves water to split polymers into monomers.
Examples of dehydration synthesis reactions are the conversion of monosaccharides to complex sugars, production of proteins from amino acids, conversion of fatty acids to complex fats, and the formation of nucleic acids from nucleotides. The table below will give you more simplified view of their reactions: Type of Organic Compound. Well, we've just taken a water out.
Therefore, these are condensation or dehydration synthesis reactions. For this, a base is used. This process happens by removing one molecule of —OH hydroxyl group and one molecule of -H to form H2O or water. So just the way I've done it right now, it's still bonded to a hydrogen. So the whole point of this video is to see how you can start with these simple sugars, these monosaccharides, and form disaccharides. It's going to have a net positive charge.