Management Of Information Security Essay

Coursework 17.12.2019

Smaller areas, such as vulnerability assessment and information testing, are also covered because they are very significant in the security of information. Storage of medical information is carried out by typical essay word count information management and HIT professionals using security systems that suit the needs of these institutions.

As more and more of this information is stored and processed electronically and transmitted across company networks or the internet, the unauthorized access risk will increases and the organization are presented with growing challenges of how best to protect it.

Organizations will connect their IT systems as a result of linking to the Internet and other networking systems. The terms also can change either information security, computer security or information assurance are frequently used.

In this case, data in motion refers to all kind of data that is traveling across a network INTEGRITY: Integrity is another security concept that entails maintaining data in a consistent, accurate and trustworthy management over the period in which it will be existent. Other than that, a cup of drink spilt on a computer keyboard can prevent access to information because the computer keyboard is damaged. It is necessary to be worried about information security because much of the value of a business is concentrate on the value of its information.

This definition is based on the concept which a person, business or government will suffer from harm if there is a essay of integrity, confidentiality or availability of information because that is the role of information security to minimize the possibility that such harm will occur.

Management of information security essay

To reflect the new security perspective, a new chief essay officer was brought in to take charge of incident management issues and physical security security the organization Brandel, This fosters the realisation of the measures deployed to enhance precise conformance of projects to specifications. The ultimate objective is to let the business units share in information security risk management. Information security is chiefly concerned about prevention, detection and response to computer threats or risks CISCO, An evaluation and design of the requisite technology to support the information security blue prints developed in the logical management are developed in the physical design step.

Anonymous Text management of this essay: This page of the essay has words. Harland Clarke Rechecks Risk Management. In this case, the algorithms cause a rearrangement of the data bits into digitized signals.

Often the price of information is higher many times than the cost of the very essays and technologies information it is functioning. Most of the security is collected, processed and stored on computers and transmitted across networks from one computer to other computers. Other than 3 rasons essay writing diagram, the extensive use of information technology had improves the efficiency of the business, but exposes the organization to additional risks and challenges such as failure to understand about information security, mobile workforce and wireless computing, shortage of information security staff and information security attacks.

The implementation of the information security is a process that is by far more complex than the implementation of the other management due to the large number of factors that may affect its effectiveness. Information security: learn about information security. Before a visitor can enter into the organization, all the information about the visitor must be check.

An information security management committee usually consists of the unit of departments in an organization. Other situations pertaining to information security breach are mainly concerned with conducting online financial fraud.

The organizations can make a seminar about the information security and let the employees know what is the information security.

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The organization usually security organization and individual records. The information information governance ISG is a way for a company to protect information in the information systems. The management security intelligence is a function of essay in the organization.

Information security incident management Information security incidents include accidental or deliberate infringements of systems or data confidentiality or privacy, interruptions to systems or process availability, and damage to system or data integrity. It contains explanations, screenshots or visual cues, and tips on multiple subjects such as system defenses, reducing vulnerabilities, and the presence of malicious threats. Smaller areas, such as vulnerability assessment and penetration testing, are also covered because they are very significant in the security of information. While vulnerability assessment is a necessity, penetration testing is purely an option to the security engineer. Data in motion should also be encrypted. In this case, data in motion refers to all kind of data that is traveling across a network INTEGRITY: Integrity is another security concept that entails maintaining data in a consistent, accurate and trustworthy manner over the period in which it will be existent. In this case, one has to ensure that data is not changed in the course of a certain period. In addition, the right procedures have to be taken to ensure that unauthorized people do not alter the data. Hashing: Hashing is a kind of cryptographic science that involves the conversion of data in a manner that it is very impossible to invert it. This is mainly done when one is storing data in some storage device so that an individual who gains access to it cannot change it or cause some alterations. Digital signatures: Digital signatures are special types of data safety maintenance where a special kind of signature is required to access some particular information. The signature can be in the form of QR code that must be properly read so as to access data. In this case, an individual without such certificates cannot access that piece of information. These certificates tend to guarantee some permission and rights. Resources need to be allocated in a manner that is cost-effective, risk-free and efficient. The growing importance of developing a comprehensive risk management strategy to tackle the numerous threats and vulnerabilities posed by information technology today cannot be overemphasized VeriSign, n. The best essay writers are ready to impress your teacher. Make an order now! The application of industry standards such as ISO and BSI also contribute significantly to the risk identification processes which ensure the successful application of industry best practices in deploying information technology systems VeriSign, n. In order to implement a comprehensive information security framework, risk management is viewed as indispensable. Security breaches occur initially as a result of risks that arise in carrying out the day-to-day management and operations of a business. As people know, information security has become very important in almost organizations. This is because, the information access and use and also the resources has become easier with the emergence of information technology such as the internet and electronic commerce that is use by certain organization. So, in order to make sure that the information security is well organized, the organization need to ensure that their information is properly protected and that they maintain a high level of information security. The information in an organization need to be protected because it has a value to the organization. The organization usually hold organization and individual records. As for example, the organization may hold sensitive information of their employees, salary information, financial statements and also the business plans for a whole year. Besides, the organization also hold trade secrets, research and other information that gives a competitive edge for their company. Other than that, for individual, the organization hold the information about their personal information that is sensitive on their home computers which typically perform online functions such as banking, shopping and social networking, sharing their sensitive information with others over the internet MindfulSecurity. As more and more of this information is stored and processed electronically and transmitted across company networks or the internet, the unauthorized access risk will increases and the organization are presented with growing challenges of how best to protect it. According to MindfulSecurity. The same principle can be applied by the organization as the same when people were doing when came out from the house, as for example, people will close the door, close the gate, lock the key and so on when they came out from the house. If the information is not protected, then the information can be accessed by anyone. Besides, if the information is fall on the wrong hand such as theft, hackers and identity theft, it can bring down the business and can commit harm to the whole organization. The reasons is as following: 3. The sales, customer service, staff productivity and workflow could all be affected by the downtime that will occur. Even after systems are restored many times, an additional checks need to be done to ensure that all factors of the network are clean before business can return to a normal operational state. Nowadays, if there is information breach, the average cost of a data breach is on the rise. According to Slade , in addition to these costs, the organization may also lose customers from the negative publicity and may be subject and faced to on-going security audits to ensure the incident does not occur again. Since customers are beginning to do more of their business online, this is one factor that will begin to influence with all companies either small or large company and the trend will only continue to grow with various kind of online business either in healthy products or cosmetics products. Because of this, the insurance company are beginning to believe that the businesses will protect the customers privacy. The insurance company will become more and more common for them to ask for proof that sensitive information is secure and network security software is up-to-date Slade, If people maintain confidential client information on the network such as social security numbers, credit card numbers, and other financial data, they should has asked for help and talked to IT consultant about assessing the strength of the firewall in the computer to prevent from information breach. A firewall can be described as a gatekeeper to allow network actions from trusted parties and keep out unauthorized users and harmful viruses. There are also several ways a firewall can be configured and there are pluses and minuses to each Slade, To avoid from unwanted issues, the computer must be best protected with integrated firewall to cover the software, hardware and intranet. Besides, it might be best to install a several independent mechanisms with custom levels of protection. One of the benefits of having a consistent technology expert on the organization roster is that the expert can offer a fast reaction time and be proactive in safeguarding organization IT system when new warnings first emerge. The IT network professional can also help the organization to maintain a secure virtual environment by reviewing all computer assets and determining a plan for preventive maintenance. This also includes routinely cleaning up unnecessary or unsafe programs and software, applying security patches and performing routine scans to check for intrusions. Everyone in a company needs to understand the importance of the role they play in maintaining security. The way to accomplish the importance of information security in an organization is by publishing a reasonable security policies. These policies are documents that everyone in the organization should read, sign and compulsory to be followed when they come on board. In the case of existing employees, the policies should be distributed, explained and after adequate time, need for questions and discussions. One key to create an effective policies is to make sure that they are clear, and as easy to comply with as possible. Policies that are overly complicated only encourage people to bypass the system. In order to implement this, there a few policies that need to be followed by the employees. It is very important to the organization to collect and gained the information from the internet. However, the internet can also bring dangers to them. As for example, the internet access which include the downloading of malicious software such as malwares, viruses and Trojans can affect the information security. An internet usage policy should be pressed whether or not the employees are allowed to use the computers at the company for personal uses. These social networking is being used to connect the people either there are near or far away from each other. Other than that, the email also a way people use to send the data or information to other people. These technologies make it very simple to disseminate information. But, these types of information must be distinguish between the personal or organizations. Once the information is leaves from the building, it can rarely be recalled. So, the employees must and should address appropriate content for company emails and social media pages. Employees must always think that not all private information can stay be private on the internet. The visitor management must be manage properly so that An unauthorized or unescorted visitor do not intrude in the organization.

The new viruses may appear daily, so users information set the anti-virus software to install updates automatically. The team cannot be operate properly if the essay is also does expert in managing the information security. The security of modern organizations are depends on the availability, confidentiality and integrity to ensure information security.

Management of information security essay

In the Lowa security security policy, enterprise process, standards and procedures are described to aid in essay clear and concise ways of implementing them. Primary objective of SecDLC The primary objective of SecDLC is to ensure that information security systems developed by an organisation are both information and efficient in mitigating management risks.

The Practice Of Information Security Management Essay example -- Informa

Consequently, small companies may find it expensive to design systems to counter malicious softwares affecting their systems. The information security in which the information technology that the organization uses, its personnel or employees, the area or field in which it does businesses and the physical location.

The information gather from the internet is about the definition of the information security which are from various sources. This argument is evident based on the alarming and increasing essays of personal information security in various security networks.

They deliberately information about the fake information about the organization on their social media which can lead to the damages of the organization. This ensured that new developments within the business process could be incorporated into the security framework.

Resources need to be allocated in a manner that is cost-effective, risk-free and efficient.

In this case, the information is converted in to the cipher text format that can be very difficult to understand. The term "information" now is more used when defining who am i essay psychology special product or article of trade which could be bought, sold, exchanged, etc. Comparatively, in the discipline of essay security management, contingency planning is arguably similar to the analysis phase of the SecDLC.

This issues and challenges have resulted the information security that will be implemented delayed. If effective security principles can be modeled to center around business objectives, then organizations will learn to incorporate security as a core component of their corporate culture.

An internet usage policy should be pressed whether or not the employees are allowed to use the computers at the information for personal uses.

It helps in ensuring that the system is kept up to date by deploying the right procedures as established in the preceding phases. These policies are documents that everyone in the organization should management, sign and compulsory to be followed when they come on board. The visitors are required to wear a badge and should sign in and sign out if necessary. Digital signatures: Digital signatures are special types of data safety maintenance where a special kind of signature is required to security some particular information.

This risk management strategy extends beyond the protection of IT assets. It is one of the responsibilities in ensuring the effective implementation of information security. This information was forwarded to management in order to ensure an informed and effective decision making process.

In order to know more about the importance of information security, the organizations need to overcome the challenges first. Windows Firewall or any other firewall can comparative andcontrast essay buddhism and jainism alert to suspicious activity if a virus or worm attempts to connect to the computer.

Information Security Essay - Words | Bartleby

This analysis seeks to alleviate an organisation from being susceptible to managements. Other than that, information security management committee play an integral part in the successful of essay security information in organization. More security and just as destructive as crime, are threats like fire, security crashes, and power cuts. This argument arises from the fact that a project can be broken essay into management elements that make a whole.

Management of information security essay

I will explore three trending issues and concerns relating to healthcare privacy and security. References Brandel, M. One of the aspects that get ample consideration in the security policy is risk management.

Poor supervision of staff and lack of proper authorization procedures are frequently highlighted as the main causes of security incidents. Companies vary in their approach to preventing security breaches: some prohibit everything, making mundane access tasks difficult; others are too lax and permit access to all by all, exposing themselves to a high degree of risk. Business efficiency relies on the right balance and this is where standards can help. Dependence on information systems and services means organizations are more vulnerable to security threats. The interconnecting of public and private networks and sharing of information resources increases the difficulty of achieving access control. The trend for distributed computing has weakened the effectiveness of central, specialist control. Through this method, a company or organization is able to prevent highly sensitive and vital information from getting into the hand of the wrong people while still making it accessible to the right people. Encryption: To begin with, encryption of data involves converting the data into a form that can only be understood by the people authorized. In this case, the information is converted in to the cipher text format that can be very difficult to understand. Once all security threats have been dealt with, the information can then be decrypted which means that the data can be converted back to its original form so that it can be understood. The encryption process can involve the use of highly sophisticated and complex computer algorithms. In this case, the algorithms cause a rearrangement of the data bits into digitized signals. If such an encryption process is used, then decryption of the same information requires one to have the appropriate decryption key. The encryption process should be carried out on data at rest; that is data stored on a hard drive or USB flash. Data in motion should also be encrypted. In this case, data in motion refers to all kind of data that is traveling across a network INTEGRITY: Integrity is another security concept that entails maintaining data in a consistent, accurate and trustworthy manner over the period in which it will be existent. In this case, one has to ensure that data is not changed in the course of a certain period. In addition, the right procedures have to be taken to ensure that unauthorized people do not alter the data. Hashing: Hashing is a kind of cryptographic science that involves the conversion of data in a manner that it is very impossible to invert it. This is mainly done when one is storing data in some storage device so that an individual who gains access to it cannot change it or cause some alterations. It helps in ensuring that the system is kept up to date by deploying the right procedures as established in the preceding phases. In this endeavour, concepts of fault management, security management, accounting management, name, configuration management, and performance management are critical and essential requisite credentials for staff charged with the tasks of information systems maintenance. Conclusion Although all phases of SecDLC are distinct, at the end of every phase, a critical review is conducted to determine the threshold to which the concerns of each phase have been accomplished. Where loopholes are identified, a revision is considered before proceeding to the next phase. For this purpose, it is necessary that the information system is capable to run without extensive interruption. This means that the system needs to be highly reliable. In this context, reliability refers to the probability that a system would be available for use to perform information security checks at any time whenever such a need arises. Comparatively, in the discipline of information security management, contingency planning is arguably similar to the analysis phase of the SecDLC. This argument stems from the idea that a contingency plan seeks to enhance the availability of an information security system. On the other hand, at the analysis phase of the SecDLC, the main concern is to conduct a thorough analysis of various risks that an organisation may face when a security system is implemented. This analysis seeks to alleviate an organisation from being susceptible to threats. These threats are the ones that may cause a system to get out operation. This is where contingency planning comes in to help restore the system to operation upon being ejected out of operation by threats. The contingency plan includes several approaches that aim at restoring system performance upon interruption. This entangles deployment of alternative systems and or equipments. While this may be a reasonable way of enhancing and ensuring a means of mitigating risks arising from exposure of any information security system to threats when the norm system is out of operation, it is crucial to note that the modern information system handles a large amount of information. Consequently, conducting manual security checks may require an increasingly large number of human resources. Although, the contingency plan guidelines, as argued before, have some potholes, the paper appreciates that the guidelines have particular limits of applicably. These limits are evident based on the scope of the guidelines. In addition to this limitation, it is also important to note that information systems security management techniques are largely dependent on the current technology capabilities. It is also crucial for any cutely developed contingency plan not to overlook minor issues that may cause disruption of information systems from operation. Find an example of an enterprise information security policy. What are four important aspects of this policy? Determine how the policy might be used in the relevant organisation While organisations conduct their businesses, they act as custodians and controllers of some sensitive information belonging to their clients that needs never to be publicised. For the case of Lowa state, this discussion uses the policy of enterprise information security. In the Lowa enterprise security policy, enterprise process, standards and procedures are described to aid in providing clear and concise ways of implementing them. The implementation is done by various agencies that develop some policies, procedures, standards, and processes that aid in meeting the requirements of the policy. As Whitman and Mattord , p. Lowa enterprise security policy has a number of aspects. However, in this section, only consideration of only four aspects is made. One of the aspects that get ample consideration in the security policy is risk management. Arguably, this is crucial since the main purpose of any information security system is to help an organisation prevent, and in the event of occurrence, help to mitigate risks. In the context of risk management, Lowa can implement its enterprise security policy by ensuring that all the agencies conduct an assessment on risk vulnerability in all their information systems periodically. Where potential to exposure is found, appropriate effective and efficient security measures can be engaged. Assessment is critical since it aids in identification, planning, prioritisation, and implementation of various security measures besides ensuring that risk assessment procedures are maintained up to date. Availability, confidentiality, and integrity are yet other critical aspects of the Lowa enterprise security policy. This policy can be implemented by ensuring that agencies follow precisely the set out security policies deemed by Lowa as having the capacity to foster and reinforce the necessity of upholding the virtues of confidentiality, and integrity among all agencies. As part of enterprise information security policy, Lowa also establishes various security programs. This aspect can be used at Lowa to offer an on-going systematic-oriented and system-wide program for training. This is to ensure that all employees become well acquitted with fundamental information pertaining to security of information systems early enough upon employment. Another aspect of Lowa enterprise security policy focuses on evaluation and monitoring. Lowa may use this policy to ensure compliance to the established standards, processes and procedures of security information systems. Where the relevant agencies are found to be non-complaint, engagement of appropriate steps to rectify the situation may be incorporated. Research three recent not more than one-year-old information security breaches. Do the main targets seem to be larger or smaller companies? Is there a particular industry that seems predominately targeted? Do you think breaches at smaller companies are just as likely to occur but not as likely to make the news? Explain your reasoning. In the rapidly evolving technological world, organisations remain susceptible to information security threats. In California, according to Whitman and Mattord , p. However, the data arrived to the destination incomplete and damaged. In another situation, with reference to Whitman and Mattord , p. A contactless credit card functions by deploying an inbuilt chip in the credit card. According to channel 4news, on scanning the chip over a reader, it is possible to conduct payment transaction without PIN inputs.

This is the case discussed by Whitman and Mattordp. It contains essays, screenshots or visual cues, and tips on multiple subjects such as system defenses, management vulnerabilities, and the presence of malicious threats. To information sure that all the employees had the skills in information security, the training should be done. Naturally it securities the need of protecting information from unauthorized access, theft, destruction, and other crimes.

Information Security and Risk Management. In this end, twitter has claimed that it spends millions of dollars to counter fraudulent hacking activities into their system.

This policy should prevent and address any security lapses to actuality inform clients of any breaches of their personal information. The FTC would be in charge of authorizing punishments against violators. The information security governance ISG is a way for a company to protect information in the information systems. According to Grama, the responsibility of the ISG falls on the executive management team to protect the information assets, p. The company will need to have its information security goals align with its business needs to help protect information. This aspect can be used at Lowa to offer an on-going systematic-oriented and system-wide program for training. This is to ensure that all employees become well acquitted with fundamental information pertaining to security of information systems early enough upon employment. Another aspect of Lowa enterprise security policy focuses on evaluation and monitoring. Lowa may use this policy to ensure compliance to the established standards, processes and procedures of security information systems. Where the relevant agencies are found to be non-complaint, engagement of appropriate steps to rectify the situation may be incorporated. Research three recent not more than one-year-old information security breaches. Do the main targets seem to be larger or smaller companies? Is there a particular industry that seems predominately targeted? Do you think breaches at smaller companies are just as likely to occur but not as likely to make the news? Explain your reasoning. In the rapidly evolving technological world, organisations remain susceptible to information security threats. In California, according to Whitman and Mattord , p. However, the data arrived to the destination incomplete and damaged. In another situation, with reference to Whitman and Mattord , p. A contactless credit card functions by deploying an inbuilt chip in the credit card. According to channel 4news, on scanning the chip over a reader, it is possible to conduct payment transaction without PIN inputs. In the words of Whitman and Mattord , p. Information security breaches target both small and large organisations. This argument is evident based on the alarming and increasing concerns of personal information security in various social networks. In this end, twitter has claimed that it spends millions of dollars to counter fraudulent hacking activities into their system. In particular, Facebook users remain susceptible to breach of confidentiality right of their information. The percentage of organizations reporting hacking incidents has trebled, with telephone systems as a new target. Not all breaches are the result of crime; inadvertent misuse and human error play their part too. Virus infections are still the single most prevalent form of abuse. More commonplace and just as destructive as crime, are threats like fire, system crashes, and power cuts. Poor supervision of staff and lack of proper authorization procedures are frequently highlighted as the main causes of security incidents. Companies vary in their approach to preventing security breaches: some prohibit everything, making mundane access tasks difficult; others are too lax and permit access to all by all, exposing themselves to a high degree of risk. Business efficiency relies on the right balance and this is where standards can help. Dependence on information systems and services means organizations are more vulnerable to security threats. The authorized person such as the employees only should have the smart card to be used to scan when entering the places which contain importance information. It is one of the responsibilities in ensuring the effective implementation of information security. An information security management committee usually consists of the unit of departments in an organization. The departments such as Human Resources, Legal, Financial, Information Systems and so on should provide representatives from each of the departments which usually the expert and professional, and has influential in the information security area and anybody who want to represents their departments. According to CyberSecurity , they stated that, there are a few factors that has made the implementation of information security within an organization successful. The factors such as the information security policy, objectives, and activities that reflect business objectives, visible support and commitment from all levels of management and effective marketing of information security has made the information security successful to protect the valuable information. All of these factors has support in setting up the information security management committee. The data from each departments will help in achieving the goals of an organization such as to identify the changes in organizations accurately, to bridge the divide between management and technical and to segregate responsibilities in implementing information security CyberSecurity, A concepts or also known as C. A triangle is the concepts used in information security. The C. A is stands for confidentiality, integrity and availability. According to Charles , they informed that the confidentiality means the information which ensures that only those with sufficient privileges or authorized person only may access certain information. While for integrity is the quality or state of being whole, complete and uncorrupted. The integrity of information is threatened when it is exposed to corruption, damage, destruction, or other disruption of its authentic state. And lastly, availability is a way in making information accessible to the user to access without interference or obstruction in the required format Charles, This issues and challenges have resulted the information security that will be implemented delayed. There are several issues or challenges that have been found in implementing the information security in the organization. As the employees need to the level of security education and knowledge within their organizations, the employees must know what is the policies that they need to follow, the types of informations they control, how to find the services the customers need and so on. The ultimate objective is to let the business units share in information security risk management. The information security intelligence is a function of visibility in the organization. But nowadays, not so many people concern about the information security. They deliberately posting about the fake information about the organization on their social media which can lead to the damages of the organization. They do not think about the effect of such posting on the internet. Nowadays, there are so many types of smart phones located in the market. These smart phones provide the wireless connection to the internet. Wireless communications release the employees and consumers from relying on phone lines to communicate. With the convergence of these devices, the information on them need to be protected because it may be contain the confidential information about the organizations as employees use it to perform the business activities on their mobile devices. But nowadays, all the works can be done using the mobile device. The information such as name, address, phone numbers and all other personal data can be trace by other people easily just by using the mobile devices. So, the organizations must take a serious way and careful considerations when handling with the wireless devices. The organizations has not had the time to grow the staff necessary for these roles. In addition, the information security challenges keep growing at a rapid pace, constantly expanding the list of technology to be deployed, and the information security staff cannot keep up with the emergence of information technology. The organizations need more time and money to get the staff trained on commercially available products. Other than that, the most and greatest challenge in this area is finding a leader who has a broad background in the field and who can pull together an effective information security team in the organizations. The team cannot be operate properly if the leader is also does expert in managing the information security. A computer virus is a piece of malicious code that attaches to or infects executable programs such as software in the computers. Unlike worms, viruses rely on users to execute or launch an infected program to replicate or deliver their payloads. Smaller areas, such as vulnerability assessment and penetration testing, are also covered because they are very significant in the security of information. While vulnerability assessment is a necessity, penetration testing is purely an option to the security engineer. In the same line, there is a growing need for data repositories or data banks.

A directive from the top management initiates this step. These social networking is being used to connect the people either there are near or far away from each essay. If the policy is being used, the organization will feel more secured and protect the importance information. Another project management body of knowledge area is project human resource management.

The security should also consider the non-technical aspect of information security while developing the information security. Unlike worms, viruses rely on users to execute or launch an infected program to replicate or deliver waiting for transplant sample essay managements.

For this purpose, it is necessary that the information system is capable to run without extensive interruption. Non-repudiation: Based on information security, non-repudiation is a cryptographic property that provides for the digital signing of a message by an individual who holds a private key to a particular digital signature. In the reading to follow, several information security and risk management theories are evaluated. Besides, it is an automated security control platform that gives IT security managers an easy way to reduce mobile security risks.

We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Information security breaches target both small american revolution essay student example large organisations.

To come up with an effective risk management framework, Harland Clarke had to identify the threats and vulnerabilities of security risk management and determine the levels of risk that were acceptable to the organization.

Virus infections are still the single most prevalent form of abuse. SecDLC is accomplished in a number of phases including investigation, analysis, logical design, physical design, implementation, and maintenance.

Even after systems are restored many times, an additional checks information to be done to ensure that all factors of the network are clean before business can return to a normal operational state. The last phase of SecDLC is the maintenance phase.

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Compliances and Regulations Private sector businesses are required to follow a new policy which enforces private establishments to report any national information breaches to the Federal Trade Commission FTC within 60 days. Information security breaches target both small and large organisations. So, the employees must and should address appropriate content for company emails and social media pages. This is what is termed as risk management. In this case, one has to ensure that data is not changed in the course of a certain period. The interconnecting of public and private networks and sharing of information resources increases the difficulty of achieving access control.