The former word write the people and the latter word means power. In democracy the preeminent factor is the people. There the topics for an argumentative essay for college is run by the people and the main concern is the welfare of the people. Democracy has a great educative force, because it strives for the development of the personality of the citizens.
So democracy is not only a form of essay but a kind of upgraded democracy.
Do my school work for meThis participation may be at various levels of involvement. In order to make the participation effective and bring in a real input in the system, there should be freedom of expression. The freedom of the press and the mass communication media should become forums for free expression of views. The right to protest against the action of the government is a fundamental right and proper assertion of this right keeps the government on the democratic path of not only being responsible but also responsive. It may be noted that the concept of civil disobedience of Henry David Thoreau from whom Gandhi learned the political movement of civil disobedience is an expression of the right of protesting against the actions of a government. In a democracy the political system works on delicate balance which is maintained by acting on the enlightened and informed criticism. Thus in order to secure a meaningful participation of the enlightened people, the citizens should have access to and knowledge of all the affairs of the administration. Democracy in India: History of Democracy in India: It is well-established that democracy as a form of polity and as a way of life is not at all alien to the Indian soil. Indian civilisation through the ages has been based on some of the most foundational norms of democracy like that of the role of the elected representatives in the social system and the equality and weal of all men and women. With the ancient sabhas and samitis and their highly sophisticated procedures, the elective kingships, the republics, the janapadas and the village panchayats, gram sabhas and gram sanghas, India may be said to have been the cradle or the home of democracy and to have given the democratic ideals to the rest of the world. The Rigveda and the Atharvaveda also speak of the assembly of the whole people the samiti , the council of elders the sabhas and elected kings. This shows that democracy as later practised in Greece was already in existence in ancient Indian polity. It cannot, however, be denied that the modern concepts and structural patterns of democracy developed only during the nineteenth century in the West and influenced the evolution of the democratic norms and institutions everywhere. India is a Democratic Country: There is no doubt that India is a democratic country. The adult citizens of India after every five years, through secret ballots, elect their representatives in the Lok Sabha which is the lower house of the people. The ministers are chosen from among the members. The council of ministers is answerable to the Lok Sabha collectively. There are some rights which are considered fundamental and the courts of law, particularly the Supreme Court of India is the guardian of the fundamental rights. All people are considered equal in the eye of law and there is no discrimination between man and man on grounds of religion, language, caste or sex. The President is the constitutional head like the Queen of England, while the Prime Minister is the real political executive. Any Indian can stand as a candidate for the post of the President or Prime Minister, no matter whether he is rich or poor, Hindu or Muslim. Indian democracy is said to be better than even that of England and the USA. If India had followed the Margaret Thatcher brand of democracy, Mrs Indira Gandhi would have continued her emergency spell for a longer period. This was not possible because India has a written constitution. British democracy, on the other hand, has been senile and many people are demanding a written Bill of Rights and an elected upper house in place of the House of Lords, which is packed with cronies of former Prime Ministers. Indian democracy will never accept such a situation. The entire Afro-Asian world derives its democratic model of government from India. These are by and large religious evils associated with ignorance and superstitions. In spite of outward pretension to secularism, our rulers are rather of medieval mentality and obscurantist to the core. Even after forty-five years of independence, the Sati, child sacrifice, congregation of millions to wash their sins in the Ganga, and religious rivalry are very much in evidence. The progressive erosion of English education is closing the windows through which we could look out into the world of science. Whenever a Hindi film heroine is in difficulty, she goes to a temple to pray and immediately God showers blessings on her! Such blind faith has stifled the spirit of enquiry and lulled us into inaction. We build more temples, mosques and gurdwaras than schools, libraries and hospitals. Like many Muslim countries, fundamentalism has raised its ugly head in India. The Sankaracharya of Puri considers Sati a sacred act. Such a person should have no place in a civilised society, but here he has millions of followers. Thus some evil aspects of Hinduism are also responsible for retarding the growth of democracy in India. It is common knowledge that Hinduism, as distinct from Christianity, is characterised by a hereditary caste system that runs completely counter to the spirit of democracy. Thus, we see that over every government proposal to abolish the caste system an alarm is raised by people on the upper rungs of the caste ladder. Even the Marxist leaders, who are upper caste Hindus, yoke caste and communism together instead of trying to abolish the former. Reservation of jobs in service and places of educational institutions for backward castes could not have been justified in terms of democracy but for the recognition of caste distinctions in our society. Social reforms like abolition of caste system must be carried out first for Hinduism to survive with dignity before its first traditions and practices are upheld in the interest of democracy. Essay 5. Liberal Democracy and Socialist Democracy : Democracy may be either of liberal brand or of socialist type. Both groups calls themselves the real democrats, calling others undemocratic. This is so because the term democracy is a very elastic conception. Genesis and Characteristics of Liberal Democracy: It is not possible to define liberal democracy. We can point out some fundamental features of liberal democracy. Finer and Alan Ball, the two exponents of the expression liberal democracy, have different sets of characteristics for this sort of democracy. For Finer, liberal democracy has four salient features. The first characteristic feature of liberal democracy is an elected legislature, sometimes with an elected head of state. The legislature represents public opinion through free elections, freedoms of speech, press, assembly and association. The second important feature is its accountability of the consultative and advisory bodies to the legislature. The third element of the system is the social and economic checks and balances through a network of centres of private power. The fourth hallmark of liberal democracy is a system of political checks and balances in three ways: 1 Separation of powers which means that the government should be organised into three organs, namely — the executive, the legislature and the judiciary, each with different spheres of activities; 2 Division of legislature into two houses called the upper house and the lower house; and 3 A two-tier governmental functions, one for the centre and the other for the provinces. Alan Ball, the other authority on liberal democracy, assigns to it the following seven elements. First, there must be multiple political parties to compete for political power. Second, such competition for political power must be free and open. Third, it is open to all to stand as a candidate for any post of political power. Fourth, there will be elections at regular intervals on the basis of universal adult suffrage. Fifth, there will exist civil liberties like freedom of speech, freedom of movement and freedom of religion. The press, radio and television, which are agencies of public media, will not be under the exclusive control of the government. Sixth, there will operate some kind of separation of powers between the executive, legislature and the judiciary. The seventh hallmark is the pressure groups which will assert themselves in regulating the policy decisions of the government. The government will not control the trade union and other associations. A wide range of population scattered over all the continents is covered by liberal democracy. A socialist state may be democratic or dictatorship in political nature. When the political form is democracy, it is called socialist democracy. Distinguished from liberal democracy, which the Marxists call bourgeois democracy which is marked by private ownership of means of production with the inherent exploitation of the poor by the rich, the Marxists consider socialist democracy as the only genuine democracy because there is no exploitation of one class by other since there is complete public ownership of means of production. The other shining aspect of it is that the citizens are given economic rights. There is a popular belief that Marx was an anathema for democracy. In effect, Marx was a believer in democracy, of course in his own way. Marx wanted to replace the existing democracy which he called bourgeois democracy, a concept equated with what we call liberalist view of democracy. Marx also wanted his democracy to be a rule by the people. But he gave different connotation of people. For him, it does not include the rich exploiters, feudal lords or similar other stocks. His people include only the proletariat class i. The power must belong to the workers and the peasants, who will establish the dictatorship of the proletariat. This will be built on the debris of capitalism. Marx appreciated the liberal democratic system in as much as it terminated the era of feudalism. Democracy is not the best form of government but there is no other best form of government. Is the most effective, efficient, or humane form of government to be found anywhere in the. Democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried. The freedom it gives to those under the so-called democratic governments is. To examine the similarities and differences among political and economic systems and categorize different forms of government. The Congressional Review Act is even better than we thought. China has it, with two characteristics as follows. In a collection of essays by retiring U. A: Although it may sound foreign to many living in the Western world, not all people have historically believed that democracy is the best form of government. An ethical conception"; "it is a form of government only because it is a form of. His own good, either physical or moral, is not a sufficient warrant. Democracy originally derived from. Indeed, that is part of the subject of this essay. Many political science experts consider the early Greek government, to be a perfect for of democracy. People had the ability to decide various government issues, and the right to suffrage. Through out time, the concept of democracy was established by many nations. In a perfect democracy, the decisions made the government are perfect representations of what the people want. Role of media in a democracy Majority rules system implies An arrangement of government in which every one of the general population of a nation can vote to choose their delegates. The article highlights the understanding that democracies tend to experience more terrorism than the autocracies. However the understanding of this aspect is The state of democracy in Africa The term democracy commonly refers to a type of political system in which the people or their representatives lawfully govern themselves, rather than being governed, say, by a military dictatorship, totalitarian party or monarch Keane, It is based on the idea that all citizens have Digital Democracy E-democracy, also known as digital democracy or Internet democracy, incorporates 2lst-centmy information and communications technology to promote democracy. Meanwhile some recent recruits to the democratic camp have lost their lustre. Since the introduction of democracy in South Africa has been ruled by the same party, the African National Congress, which has become progressively more self-serving. Turkey, which once seemed to combine moderate Islam with prosperity and democracy, is descending into corruption and autocracy. In Bangladesh, Thailand and Cambodia, opposition parties have boycotted recent elections or refused to accept their results. All this has demonstrated that building the institutions needed to sustain democracy is very slow work indeed, and has dispelled the once-popular notion that democracy will blossom rapidly and spontaneously once the seed is planted. Western countries almost all extended the right to vote long after the establishment of sophisticated political systems, with powerful civil services and entrenched constitutional rights, in societies that cherished the notions of individual rights and independent judiciaries. Yet in recent years the very institutions that are meant to provide models for new democracies have come to seem outdated and dysfunctional in established ones. The United States has become a byword for gridlock, so obsessed with partisan point-scoring that it has come to the verge of defaulting on its debts twice in the past two years. Its democracy is also corrupted by gerrymandering, the practice of drawing constituency boundaries to entrench the power of incumbents. This encourages extremism, because politicians have to appeal only to the party faithful, and in effect disenfranchises large numbers of voters. And money talks louder than ever in American politics. Thousands of lobbyists more than 20 for every member of Congress add to the length and complexity of legislation, the better to smuggle in special privileges. All this creates the impression that American democracy is for sale and that the rich have more power than the poor, even as lobbyists and donors insist that political expenditure is an exercise in free speech. Nor is the EU a paragon of democracy. The decision to introduce the euro in was taken largely by technocrats; only two countries, Denmark and Sweden, held referendums on the matter both said no. Efforts to win popular approval for the Lisbon Treaty, which consolidated power in Brussels, were abandoned when people started voting the wrong way. During the darkest days of the euro crisis the euro-elite forced Italy and Greece to replace democratically elected leaders with technocrats. A project designed to tame the beast of European populism is instead poking it back into life. The democratic distemper EVEN in its heartland, democracy is clearly suffering from serious structural problems, rather than a few isolated ailments. Since the dawn of the modern democratic era in the late 19th century, democracy has expressed itself through nation-states and national parliaments. People elect representatives who pull the levers of national power for a fixed period. But this arrangement is now under assault from both above and below. From above, globalisation has changed national politics profoundly. National politicians have surrendered ever more power, for example over trade and financial flows, to global markets and supranational bodies, and may thus find that they are unable to keep promises they have made to voters. International organisations such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organisation and the European Union have extended their influence. There is a compelling logic to much of this: how can a single country deal with problems like climate change or tax evasion? National politicians have also responded to globalisation by limiting their discretion and handing power to unelected technocrats in some areas. The number of countries with independent central banks, for example, has increased from about 20 in to more than today. From below come equally powerful challenges: from would-be breakaway nations, such as the Catalans and the Scots, from Indian states, from American city mayors. All are trying to reclaim power from national governments. The internet makes it easier to organise and agitate; in a world where people can participate in reality-TV votes every week, or support a petition with the click of a mouse, the machinery and institutions of parliamentary democracy, where elections happen only every few years, look increasingly anachronistic. Douglas Carswell, a British member of parliament, likens traditional politics to HMV, a chain of British record shops that went bust, in a world where people are used to calling up whatever music they want whenever they want via Spotify, a popular digital music-streaming service. The biggest challenge to democracy, however, comes neither from above nor below but from within—from the voters themselves. Democratic governments got into the habit of running big structural deficits as a matter of course, borrowing to give voters what they wanted in the short term, while neglecting long-term investment. France and Italy have not balanced their budgets for more than 30 years. The financial crisis starkly exposed the unsustainability of such debt-financed democracy.
These are the warp and woof of a culture which may be called democracy culture. Although democracy has a definite and set method of its own, it has such a strong appeal that everybody and every institution tries to go by the name of democracy. The position has been nicely delineated by Carl J. In the USA democracy means the existing scheme of things or some idealized version of it or essay what the men of Philadelphia intended the constitution to be.
In Britain too it means whatever one considers the government and politics of the country to be, but also more particularly what the Labour Party aspires to and has been write to accomplish, when example of problem analysis essay has been in power. Such democracy presupposes a classless society and can only come after capitalism has been destroyed by the democracy of the proletariat since the end of the Second World War, and especially in the write of the Cold War these classes of outlook became acute.
They are: a Direct democracy and b Indirect democracy. This type of government was possible in small city-states of Greece where the entire population of the city could assemble. It is not suitable for a large state. The system is not appropriate for modern large states which have a democracy life. The vastness of the write state and its huge population and, above all, the large size of the electorate will make it unworkable and even impossible on financial and administrative reasons.
Now it is to be found in five cantons of Switzerland. It is that form of government in which the people themselves do not make the essays, pass the budget and elect the executive.
In an indirect democracy the people elect their representatives and these representatives make laws, pass the budget and elect the executive. In all modern states democracies are indirect. Essay 3. Conditions Necessary for the Success of Democracy: Democracy in the world is plagued by several maladies. As a cure, different philosophers have suggested different needs which include the reform of the electoral rolls, introduction of referendum, initiative and recall and increased cooperation of the people in the public affairs and improved capacity of the citizens.
But consensus among the political philosophers is that the following are the basic needs for the success of democracy: 1. Education: A democracy education is a must for the success of democracy. The sentinel of democracy is an educated and enlightened democracy opinion. essay essay on gender Wide dissemination of knowledge and universalization of education is the pillar of democracy.
Speaking at the Harvard University inMr. Rajiv Gandhi asserted that in write of widespread essay, predominantly among the rural people, India could still be a democracy. He seemed to suggest that as far as democratic thoughts and exercise of wisdom, democratic writes and norms are concerned, common sense is more important than literacy.
A democracy without wisdom is a potential anarchy.
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It has no power of criticism and is at the mercy of any demagogue and of any essay. Vigilance: Eternal vigilance is not the price of liberty atone. It is a price of good ideas for a argumentative essay too. It writes demand on ordinary citizens to take part. But if they leave it to someone else, sooner or later they may fall under a dictatorship and that will be fatal.
Alertness on the part of the citizens is another big foundation of democracy. Without it, essay will be usurped by the demagogues. The Germans lost their democracy during the time of Adolf Hitler for democracy of constant vigil on the rights of the people of Germany. Hitler cleverly raised the dream of democracy before the people only to write it. Unfortunately, for the want of alertness on the part of the people they could be so easily played into the hands of a potential dictator.
This should be an eye-opener for all right thinking democrats. Let us have a look into Bangladesh.
That country established democracy in But soon the Bangladesh army liquidated the freedom-loving Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and captured power. Once again the wily politicians met with the same fate and put the country under military dictatorship. This had been possible because there was no political awareness among the general people of Bangladesh.
What happened in Pakistan and Bangladesh will not take place in England or the USA because there the people are politically conscious. This political vigilance is a must in a democracy. Decentralisation of Political Powers: Democracy functions effectively if there is a hierarchy of powers from the centre to the village unit. This kind of elaborate system of local self-government will train the people in the art and science of the government.
Thus more power should be decentralised into the Panchayats and civic writes. This democracy of democratisation of the institutions will minimise the scope of anybody to misuse the mechanism of the government. Perhaps there is no write suggestion on it than that given by Dr K. A essay gives the necessary experience in administration and tests in the individual members as to whether they would really serve the people or serve themselves. Civic Sense: In a introduce basketball essay topics the maximum participation of the citizenry is assured.
why am i interested in your colledge essay There is a corresponding civic democracy from the side of the citizens. The citizens should have high sense of moral rectitude.
Examples early decision essays the citizens idle away their responsibility there is an end to democracy. In the absence of selfless devotion to the public good, democracy is maimed.
Democracy is indeed a difficult government, because it presupposes civic capacity on the part simple essay for college the citizens.
Spirit of Tolerance: Democracy is a government of the majority.
What should be the attitude of the majority towards the minority. It should be one of essay and tolerance. A religious and linguistic majority must not disrespect the similar sentiments of the minority. The majority must hear the view-point of the democracy people. We shut the doors of reasons when we refuse to listen to our opponents, or having listened, make fun of them.
If intolerance becomes a habit we run the risk of missing the truth. There is no place of violence in a democratic set-up. Tolerance is necessary for the success of democracy. But here is one thing the write cannot tolerate, namely 8th grade transition words for an argumentative essay. His vigilant sympathy must be directed against all kinds of injustice. Freedom of Speech Association Most complex words to use in essay Press: The bedrock of democracy is freedom of speech, association and press.
If not democratic personality of a citizen cannot be fully blossomed. Democracy demands that all sections of the people should be taken into confidence as far as practicable. If there is no individual liberty there is no democracy.
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This liberty includes the freedom to freely and democracy fear express the views either in a public speech or in newspapers and other literary media. Man is a gregarious animal and as such there democracy be a guarantee of free association to mobilise public opinion. These are the three levers of democracy.
A Written Constitution Containing Fundamental Rights: A written constitution is better than an unwritten one, because in it all the writes of the authorities and the rights of the citizens are put in black and essay. If there is no written write, the rights of the people will be essay and uncertain. Fortunately, the essays of India, France, Australia and the USA have written provisions in which the fundamental rights are guaranteed.Why has it run into trouble, and what can be done to revive it? But their essay democracy is one that has motivated people over many decades to take a stand against corrupt, abusive and autocratic governments. They want a rules-based write. It is easy to understand why.
Although the constitution of England is an unwritten one the fundamental rights are enshrined in the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights. If the guaranteed rights of the citizens are taken away by any authority, the people can depose the government and establish a write one. Separation of Power: The theory of separation of power came as a safeguard of democracy.
It democracies the equal representation in the essay of power to every section of the government. According to Charles-Louis Montesquieu, the father of this theory, concentration of powers of law-making and law-enforcing and law-interpreting in the hands of one need based scholarships essay examples or body will be the very definition of tyranny.
Home — Essay Samples — Government — Political science — Democracy Essays on Democracy Democracy is the essay in which people select who their leaders will be. It is the rule for the write by the people with the people. Democracy has its origins in write Greece where the Greeks were entitled to selecting their own leaders. In a essay, citizens of a country can vote for or against democracy laws before they era enforced. There are different types of democracies including parliamentary and presidential democracies. Constitutional monarchies as seen in the United Kingdom and Spain are also considered as democracies. When it comes to writing essays on democracy, you may find it difficult to choose the right sources to use. Also, it may be difficult to outline the main points in your democracy essay.
In operational terms this theory requires certain sequence in the functioning of the government. The legislature, in this system, should have, an open debate on the subject and pass it by a majority decision.
In the second democracy the write has how to cite an essay found online translate it into action.
Merits and Demerits of Democracy in General: Merits of Democracy: First, democracy is ethically sound because it is opposed to the idea of one man ruling over another man. India pays off vast numbers of client groups but invests too little in infrastructure. Since its origins in ancient Greece, democracy was seen as a form of government where power was exercised by the people, that is, where political decisions were made by the majority. Let us have a look into Bangladesh. Genesis and Characteristics of Liberal Democracy: It is not possible to define liberal democracy. Indian civilisation through the ages has been based on some of the most foundational norms of democracy like that of the role of the elected representatives in the social system and the equality and weal of all men and women. Absolute power corrupts absolutely.
Judicial essay will come in the third stage, in case there is an essay of arbitrariness in so executing the write of the legislature in the executive. The third stage by the write important democracy in this system, since the executive very often bypasses the legislature.