For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: Field, For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field,p. Web sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
More information on citing sources without pagination is given on the APA Style web page.
How to Cite a Website (with Sample Citations) - wikiHow
Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. Derwing et al.
Order assignment onlineAccessed Day Month Year. If it doesn't, use the name of the business, organization, or government agency that produces the website. The title of the website is written in italics followed by a comma. Accessed 14 Feb.
References Derwing, T. Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23 how to give analysis for history essay Thomas, H.
If you take these precautions, topic websites are sometimes useful for giving a broad overview or putting you on the track of more authoritative sources. Private Websites Mohanraj, Mary Anne. APA: Mohanraj, M. The early years: Mary Anne Mohanraj. Private websites come in many forms. Some announce themselves as fan sites, indicating that the author has an intense interest but no special background or credentials. Still others are quite professional in presentation, with authors who profess or demonstrate vast experience. Just a few years ago, unreliable websites were often riddled with typographical errors or burdened with amateurish design and graphics. For the purpose of academic research, most private websites should be considered popular sources, which can be useful as sources of opinion but should generally not be relied on for authoritative information. Private websites also raise issues of privacy, as some sites that require password access may not invite republication of their material in scholarly research. Institution or organization associated with the site You want to discover the university, government agency, business, etc. You can often find this in the copyright statement. When creating a citation use n. Date of electronic publication or last update This information is usually found at the bottom of the page. If there is a copyright date, it is often in the copyright statement or near it. When creating a citation note day, month, year - in that order. Example - 15 Dec. Reference entry American Psychological Association. Recovering emotionally from disaster. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks. Below are examples of using in-text citation. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension. McNary, Dave. Unless the website includes numbered paragraphs or sections, you should not include any additional information. For the website used in the example above, the in-text citation would be written as follows: McNary. An APA parenthetical citation is similar, except it also includes the year the source was published. The first name should be formatted in reverse order as was done for a single author. Wadhwa, Vivek, and Alex Salkever. The first name is listed in reverse order and is followed by a comma and et al. When no author is listed, you may omit the author information from the MLA citation for the website and begin, instead, with the title. The in-text citation for a website without an author is noted with the first word or words in the title in parentheses, followed by a period. For the website used in the example above, the in-text citation would be written as: One Health and Disease.
University of Colorado, Boulder. Citing Web Pages In Text Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the first few words.
Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry how the page list. For sources with no date use n. Below are examples of using in-text citation with web pages.World Socialist Web Site. However, some instructors may prefer that you use URLs. APA: Fangmann, A. Illinois Supreme Court strikes down pension cuts. Fangmann, A. Many organizations maintain websites hosting information about the organization or about the field that they work in. Some examples include commercial companies, universities, non-profit organizations, political groups, and government agencies. The reliability of these websites varies widely, as these organizations often use their websites to promote specific causes and may therefore emphasize only the facts and ideas that support their goals. But sometimes these organizations have the most comprehensive coverage of topics that pertain to them. If you are conscientious about identifying who sponsors the site, your reader will be better prepared to examine the material you present. Websites hosted by university departments and programs would generally be considered reliable sources, especially in their areas of scholarly expertise. More caution is warranted when the site discusses politics or issues of university governance. Be careful, too, to distinguish sites created by individual faculty members from those sponsored by the larger institution. Whenever possible, you should identify the author of the material you use from a website. This title is followed by the name of the main website, if there is one, and the name of the sponsoring organization. The final item is the date that you accessed the site. In that case, list by the title of the site—if there is one—or by the name of the organization. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources. APA: The horcrux of love. This category is a little hard to define. Unlike online journals or other periodicals, topic websites are not usually revised on a regular schedule, although material may be added from time to time. Finally, topic websites may also overlap with private websites, which often focus on a single issue that their author is passionate about. Author, editor, or compiler Not all web pages and websites list the names of individual personal authors, editors, or compilers. Begin the citation with the title if there are no authors. When creating a citation, list authors last name first. Example: Didd, Katy. When creating a citation put the title in " " quotation marks. Title of Website Like the document title, this is usually at the top of the page, and also may be at the very top of your browser. If you are using an individual web page and want to know the name of the website where it resides, use the home button to get back to the main page for the entire website. If there is no "home" button, delete everything in the URL after the domain name and get to "home" that way. When creating a citation put the website title in italics. Institution or organization associated with the site You want to discover the university, government agency, business, etc. You can often find this in the copyright statement. When creating a citation use n. Date of electronic publication or last update This information is usually found at the bottom of the page. If there is a copyright date, it is often in the copyright statement or near it.
Web page with author: Role-play can help children learn techniques for coping with bullying Kraiser, Reference entry Kraizer, S. Preventing bullying. Reference entry All things Nittany.
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Reference entry American Psychological Association. Recovering emotionally from essay. In-text references should always precede punctuation marks.
Below are examples of using in-text citation. Author's name part of narrative: Gass and Varonis found that the most important element in comprehending non-native speech is familiarity with the topic.
If that happens for a page you want to cite, add the word "Accessed" after the URL and include the date you last accessed the page in day-month-year format. Use title case, capitalizing the first word and all nouns, pronouns, adverbs, adjectives, and verbs. This title is followed by the name of the main website, if there is one, and the name of the sponsoring organization. If an individual author is listed for the web page you want to cite, type their last name first, followed by a comma, then their first name.
For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect. That is, prior experience with nonnative speech, such as that gained by listening to the reading, facilitates comprehension.
Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. Note: When using multiple authors' names as part of your narrative, rather than in parentheses, always spell out the word and.