Heidel , — The good or bad does not exist.
Heinimann , 71—72, 78— He may simply be reporting a hypothetical test that might be carried out. Taylor, A.
Clouds ff. Nomos und Physis. The souls, too, prefer the familiar and known.
Glaucon contends that men are just only unwillingly, simply because they are unable to get away with being unjust. Goats: schol. The original thesis can now be put to the test, by deter- mining which language the child uses. Robinson, T.
This is 02AJP The Sophistic Movement. Gooding, D.
In contrast, Western culture's implicit assumption that argument is about truth or falsity urges one to assume that one side of the argument is true or more accurate and that other accounts are false or less accurate. Rather--and this is the heart of dissoi logoi--at least one other perspective is always available to serve as an other to the stronger argument. In fact, another term for dissoilogoi is dialexis, and the term is related to dialectic—the opposing forces method of getting at truth espoused by Socrates, Plato and other heavy hitters of classical Athens. Varia Socratica. Irvine, A.
Interestingly, in the Platonic tale of a marketplace of lives mentioned above, Er similarly notes that at the marketplace of lifestyles, the souls generally chose lives in accordance with their previ- ous existence Rep. No one was to utter a sound in their presence. He discusses at length the love of experiment demonstrated by Herodotean kings; see also Flory , 78, n. Norton, J. It shrewdly casts doubt on the results supposedly obtained in an actual experiment, while at the same time illuminating the process by which children learn to speak a language.
Thinking about it is enough. All these thought experiments make use of hypothetical hu- man beings and deal with educational and ethical matters. Aristophanes: Clouds.
Oxford: Clarendon Press. Sophism assumes that the stronger logos, no matter how strong, will never completely overcome competing logoi and earn the title of absolute truth.
Such randomness and repeatability is a sine qua non of a thought experiment and of actual, scientific experiments as well. Irvine, A. Flory, S. See also Christ , with n. Brown, J. In another variation, just a single child is brought up in speechless solitude, with- out the solace of the company of another human being.
The Sophist give examples of what good and bad is. Thought experiments are, first of all, experiments. The thought experiment is first mentioned in an ethnographical context: when attempting to demonstrate that seemliness and unseemliness are relative concepts, the writer describes a series of practices which are thought honorable by one ethnic group and disgraceful by another. Each half of the two—part experiment then serves to reaffirm and re- inforce the other. We can now test the hypothesis that moral judgments are not absolute by ex- experiments in the laboratory, by providing detailed written descriptions of his equipment and procedures; see Cantor , Let us begin by looking at one such hypothetical trial in the Dissoi Logoi, an anonymous sophistic composition, written mainly in Doric, which is generally dated to the beginning of the fourth century.