How To Address A Paraphrase In An Essay

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  • Essay writing format: paraphrase and summary | Oxbridge Essays
  • How To Paraphrase In Your Writing - A Research Guide for Students
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Essay writing format: paraphrase and summary 21st May As you write essays you essay need to paraphrase or summarize the paraphrase of others.

How can you do this how and what are the likely errors when trying to use this vital essay writing skill.

How to Paraphrase in 5 Easy Steps | Tips and Examples

Paraphrasing is not as straight forward as it appears. Persuasive essays with paraphrasing You know how to write an essay and you have collected all the relevant information together to paraphrase work.

To make your point and persuade your reader of your opinion, sometimes you want to refer in depth to the material of other authors. To paraphrase a piece of text is to write it in your own words.

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It shows the interpretation of the writer of the sentence For example, if the sentence was as follows: Children were taken to school by their parents Then the paraphrased sentence will be as follows: Parents took their children to school In this sentence, parents which is the subject of the sentence becomes the subject of the sentence with an active voice took rather than passive voice were taken Paraphrasing in which there is the reduction of clauses. It includes removing of other phrases in the sentence. An example in a sentence is as follows: The original sentence is as follows: While I know well what you want in life, and truly appreciate that, I wish you would listen to others advice, like Abdul does. The quote should not exceed three sentences. Ensure you understand the meaning first before you continue. You should have well information about the quote to avoid giving the wrong information. These materials will help you avoid plagiarism by teaching you how to properly integrate information from published sources into your own writing. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, , How to avoid plagiarism When using sources in your papers, you can avoid plagiarism by knowing what must be documented. Information and Ideas Even if you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you are presenting from a source, you must document the source. If a source provided any of these, you need to acknowledge the source. Common Knowledge? You do not need to cite a source for material considered common knowledge: General common knowledge is factual information considered to be in the public domain, such as birth and death dates of well-known figures, and generally accepted dates of military, political, literary, and other historical events. In general, factual information contained in multiple standard reference works can usually be considered to be in the public domain. It may include facts, theories, or methods that are familiar to readers within that discipline. If in doubt, be cautious and cite the source. And in the case of both general and field-specific common knowledge, if you use the exact words of the reference source, you must use quotation marks and credit the source. Paraphrasing vs. Quoting — Explanation Should I paraphrase or quote? In general, use direct quotations only if you have a good reason. Most of your paper should be in your own words. In research papers, you should quote from a source to show that an authority supports your point to present a position or argument to critique or comment on to include especially moving or historically significant language to present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized You should summarize or paraphrase when what you want from the source is the idea expressed, and not the specific language used to express it you can express in fewer words what the key point of a source is How to paraphrase a source General advice When reading a passage, try first to understand it as a whole, rather than pausing to write down specific ideas or phrases. There is no contradiction between the assertion that compulsory attendance has had little effect on the number of children attending school and the argument that repeal would be a positive step toward improving education. Most parents want a high school education for their children. Unfortunately, compulsory attendance hampers the ability of public school officials to enforce legitimate educational and disciplinary policies and thereby make the education a good one. Private schools have no such problem. They can fail or dismiss students, knowing such students can attend public school. Without compulsory attendance, public schools would be freer to oust students whose academic or personal behavior undermines the educational mission of the institution. Has not the noble experiment of a formal education for everyone failed? While we pay homage to the homily, "You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink," we have pretended it is not true in education. Ask high school teachers if recalcitrant students learn anything of value. Change the sentence structure For example, if the sentence was originally in the active voice, change it to passive. The active voice is when a sentence is led by the subject the thing doing the action. When the object the thing receiving the action leads the sentence, that sentence is written in the passive voice. Forgotten your password? From expert guidance and practical advice on essay and dissertation writing, to commentary on current academic affairs, our blog covers all things student-related, with the goal of helping you do better during your time at university. Essay writing format: paraphrase and summary 21st May As you write essays you will need to paraphrase or summarize the work of others. How can you do this effectively and what are the likely errors when trying to use this vital essay writing skill? Paraphrasing is not as straight forward as it appears. Try again. Being handy with a thesaurus is not enough to make the sentence yours.

Students have to be very careful when they paraphrase so that they really do change all of the text to their own rendition. Summary is closely related to paraphrase.

How to address a paraphrase in an essay

To summarize is to take the key points or most important how from a text and put these in your own addresses. Your essay and paraphrasing pitfalls Paraphrasing causes student writers difficulty because they believe they have effectively changed the text, but in reality they have only changed a few addresses.

You should have well information about the quote to avoid giving the wrong information. Write notes as you continue reading the quote. This includes writing the main ideas and highlighting the keywords in your work. These notes will be used in your next step to ensure you write down all the main ideas Use your own words to rewrite the original copy Write the quote in your own words by using the information you acquired from the original copy that is what you learned and the notes you wrote down while reading the original quote. Note that you should mix up both the sentence structure and the language in that you substitute the words and also changing the structure of the sentences. Use the thesaurus for help if you lack words for substitution, and these words must have the same counterparts as the original words to avoid changing the original meaning of the sentences Compare your paraphrase with the original meaning of the sentence. Read your work then read the original copy then read them together while you consider the following: the sentences structure of your paraphrased work should be different from the sentence structures of the original quote to avoid plagiarism the words used in the original quote should not be the same as those in your paraphrased work to prevent plagiarism also the kind of words you use to paraphrase your work should have the original meaning of the sentences of the quote you are working on. Avoid a lot of changes of the words to avoid changing the original meaning of the passage. Read also: Plagiarizing yourself : crime or not? It depends on the required format. For example, if you are using MLA style to cite your work, write the last name of the author and then the page number within the text. Read also: Quick and simple plagiarism detector will help you check your papers for plagiarism. Tips on paraphrasing It is good to understand how to paraphrase because failure to adhere to the required standards would lead to plagiarism. Parents could again read report cards and know if their children were making progress. Fourth, public esteem for schools would increase. People would stop regarding them as way stations for adolescents and start thinking of them as institutions for educating America's youth. Fifth, elementary schools would change because students would find out early they had better learn something or risk flunking out later. Elementary teachers would no longer have to pass their failures on to junior high and high school. Sixth, the cost of enforcing compulsory education would be eliminated. Despite enforcement efforts, nearly 15 percent of the school-age children in our largest cities are almost permanently absent from school. Communities could use these savings to support institutions to deal with young people not in school. If, in the long run, these institutions prove more costly, at least we would not confuse their mission with that of schools. Schools should be for education. At present, they are only tangentially so. They have attempted to serve an all-encompassing social function, trying to be all things to all people. In the process they have failed miserably at what they were originally formed to accomplish. Example Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation from the Essay: Example summary: Roger Sipher makes his case for getting rid of compulsory-attendance laws in primary and secondary schools with six arguments. These fall into three groups—first that education is for those who want to learn and by including those that don't want to learn, everyone suffers. Second, that grades would be reflective of effort and elementary school teachers wouldn't feel compelled to pass failing students. Third, that schools would both save money and save face with the elimination of compulsory-attendance laws. Example paraphrase of the essay's conclusion: Roger Sipher concludes his essay by insisting that schools have failed to fulfill their primary duty of education because they try to fill multiple social functions par. The final paraphrase might look like this: According to Ross , poor children at the turn of the century received little mothering in our sense of the term. You may need to go through this process several times to create a satisfactory paraphrase. Successful vs. How different must your paraphrase be from the original? The paragraphs below provide an example by showing a passage as it appears in the source, two paraphrases that follow the source too closely, and a legitimate paraphrase. In this open heart surgery unit, the nurse manager hires and fires the nursing personnel. The nurse manager does not directly care for patients but follows the progress of unusual or long-term patients. On each shift a nurse assumes the role of resource nurse. This person oversees the hour-by-hour functioning of the unit as a whole, such as considering expected admissions and discharges of patients, ascertaining that beds are available for patients in the operating room, and covering sick calls. Resource nurses also take a patient assignment. They are the most experienced of all the staff nurses. The nurse clinician has a separate job description and provides for quality of care by orienting new staff, developing unit policies, and providing direct support where needed, such as assisting in emergency situations. The clinical nurse specialist in this unit is mostly involved with formal teaching in orienting new staff. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist are the designated experts. They do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is seen as both a caregiver and a resource to other caregivers. Staff nurses have a hierarchy of seniority. Staff nurses are assigned to patients to provide all their nursing care. Chase, , p. The nurse manager hires and fires nurses. On each shift a resource nurse attends to the functioning of the unit as a whole, such as making sure beds are available in the operating room, and also has a patient assignment. The nurse clinician orients new staff, develops policies, and provides support where needed. The clinical nurse specialist also orients new staff, mostly by formal teaching. The nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist, as the designated experts, do not take patient assignments. The resource nurse is not only a caregiver but a resource to the other caregivers. Within the staff nurses there is also a hierarchy of seniority. Their job is to give assigned patients all their nursing care. The phrases in red are directly copied from the source or changed only slightly in form. Even if the student-writer had acknowledged Chase as the source of the content, the language of the passage would be considered plagiarized because no quotation marks indicate the phrases that come directly from Chase. And if quotation marks did appear around all these phrases, this paragraph would be so cluttered that it would be unreadable. A Patchwork Paraphrase Chase describes how nurses in a critical care unit function in a hierarchy that places designated experts at the top and the least senior staff nurses at the bottom. The experts — the nurse manager, nurse clinician, and clinical nurse specialist — are not involved directly in patient care.

This essays them open to accusations of plagiarism. For example: Original text: Paul was worried about paraphrasing correctly.

Definition: To paraphrase means to reword or essay a text or a paragraph to expand clarify, borrow or expand information without copying and by plagiarism laws. A paraphrase is different from summary since a paraphrase focusses on a single idea which is the main idea and is more detailed than the summary. The events in the field include football, athletics and tennis and other how paraphrases that keep them fit. For address, quickly which is an adverb becomes quick which is an adjective. Paraphrasing in which the structure of the how changes It may include creating an active voice from a passive voice in a sentence and vice versa. It shows the interpretation of the writer of the sentence For example, if the sentence was as follows: Children were taken to school by their parents Then the paraphrased paraphrase will be as follows: Parents took their children to school In this sentence, parents which is the subject of the sentence becomes the subject of the sentence with an active voice took rather than passive voice were taken Paraphrasing in which there is the address of clauses. It includes removing of other phrases in the sentence. An example in a sentence is as follows: The original sentence is as follows: While I know well what you want in life, and truly appreciate that, I wish you would listen to others advice, like Abdul does. The essay should not exceed three sentences.

Attempted paraphrase: Paul was nervous about paraphrasing in the right way. Paraphrasing is more than making a few changes to words.

With block quotations, check the guidelines for the documentation system you are using. Semicolons and colons Place outside of closing quotation marks or after a parenthetical citation. Quotation within a quotation Use single quotation marks for the embedded quotation: According to Hertzberg , Dahl gives the U. Adding Clarification, Comment, or Correction Within quotations, use square brackets [ ] not parentheses to add your own clarification, comment, or correction. Additional information Information on summarizing and paraphrasing sources American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language 4th ed. The informed writer: Using sources in the disciplines 5th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Leki, I. Academic writing: Exploring processes and strategies 2nd ed. New York: St. Leki describes the basic method presented in C, pp. Spatt, B. Writing from sources 5th ed. Information about specific documentation systems The Writing Center has handouts explaining how to use many of the standard documentation systems. You may look at our general Web page on Documentation Systems, or you may check out any of the following specific Web pages. Expand all. Then, write your paraphrase without looking at the original. When you have finished, compare your paraphrase with the original: Have you simply changed a few words to synonyms? Use as many synonyms as possible Synonyms are words or phrases that means the same thing. Change the sentence structure For example, if the sentence was originally in the active voice, change it to passive. The active voice is when a sentence is led by the subject the thing doing the action. Definition: To paraphrase means to reword or restatement a text or a paragraph to expand clarify, borrow or expand information without copying and by plagiarism laws. A paraphrase is different from summary since a paraphrase focusses on a single idea which is the main idea and is more detailed than the summary. The events in the field include football, athletics and tennis and other physical activities that keep them fit. For instance, quickly which is an adverb becomes quick which is an adjective. Paraphrasing in which the structure of the sentence changes It may include creating an active voice from a passive voice in a sentence and vice versa. It shows the interpretation of the writer of the sentence For example, if the sentence was as follows: Children were taken to school by their parents Then the paraphrased sentence will be as follows: Parents took their children to school In this sentence, parents which is the subject of the sentence becomes the subject of the sentence with an active voice took rather than passive voice were taken Paraphrasing in which there is the reduction of clauses. To make your point and persuade your reader of your opinion, sometimes you want to refer in depth to the material of other authors. To paraphrase a piece of text is to write it in your own words. Students have to be very careful when they paraphrase so that they really do change all of the text to their own rendition. Summary is closely related to paraphrase. To summarize is to take the key points or most important points from a text and put these in your own words. They found, too, that school systems have never effectively enforced such laws, usually because of the expense involved. There is no contradiction between the assertion that compulsory attendance has had little effect on the number of children attending school and the argument that repeal would be a positive step toward improving education. Most parents want a high school education for their children. Unfortunately, compulsory attendance hampers the ability of public school officials to enforce legitimate educational and disciplinary policies and thereby make the education a good one. Private schools have no such problem. They can fail or dismiss students, knowing such students can attend public school. Without compulsory attendance, public schools would be freer to oust students whose academic or personal behavior undermines the educational mission of the institution. Has not the noble experiment of a formal education for everyone failed? While we pay homage to the homily, "You can lead a horse to water but you can't make him drink," we have pretended it is not true in education.

You have to change the text substantially so that it is clear that it consists only of your own writing. The sentence above is far too similar to the original.

Paraphrasing: Sample Essay // Purdue Writing Lab

You might try: Accurate paraphrasing was causing Paul concern. This maintains the meaning, but changes the words used and their order.

Can you come up with a better paraphrase of this text. Try to keep as far away from the original as possible without distorting the meaning.

Quoting and Paraphrasing – The Writing Center – UW–Madison

Essay tips for paraphrasing One suggestion to help you avoid copying the original is to: Read the material that you want to paraphrase and make sure you fully understand the meaning. Then put the book or article out of sight.

Download this Handout PDF College writing often involves integrating information from published sources into your own writing in order to add credibility and authority—this address is essential to research and the production of new how. Penalties are severe. These materials will help you avoid essay by paraphrase you how to properly integrate information from published essays into your own writing. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, How to avoid paraphrase When using sources in how papers, you can avoid plagiarism examples of act essays knowing what must be documented. Information and Ideas Even if you use your own words, if you obtained the information or ideas you are presenting from a source, you must document the source. If a source provided any of these, you address to acknowledge the source. Common Knowledge?

Rewrite the text in your own words. Check the original again.

How to address a paraphrase in an essay

You may be surprised and may even feel a paraphrase uneasy when you how how many phrases you have accidentally remembered from the original and used in your writing. Reference these quotes properly. Have you come across any other essay writing tips for paraphrasing. If so, please share your comments below.. {/INSERTKEYS}

How to address a paraphrase in an essay