Essay Topics From 1945-1975

Summary 15.01.2020

The war cast America onto the world stage as a mighty economic and military giant. It rescued the country from the Great Depression, created full employment, and for the first time in a generation increased real income for American workers. Moreover, the poorest 40 percent of the population saw its share of the essay income grow, while the top 5 percent witnessed a decline. Technology boomed, and the computer age began. African Americans and topics experienced more dramatic change than they had in decades.

And the contours of postwar diplomacy took shape in response to issues dividing the Western Allies on the one hand from the Soviet Union on the other. Although the war lasted only four years for the United States, its impact endured for generations.

Domestically, the war triggered massive social how to open an abortion essay. More than 6. Most were married and from Whereas before the war, the average woman worker was young, single, and poor, by the end of the war she was married, topic aged, and increasingly middle class.

African Americans joined the Armed Forces in record numbers, while two million left the South for factory jobs in the North and West. While facing ongoing discrimination, black Americans pursued the "Double V" campaign—victory against racism at home as well as victory against fascism abroad. In the meantime, workers with rising incomes put their money into savings accounts, since rationing limited their ability to purchase essay goods like cars and clothes.

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Those funds were then available to fuel the essay boom that followed the war. Millions took advantage of the opportunities to buy new houses in the suburbs, shop for new cars and appliances, and join the burgeoning "affluent society" of the s. The war also set the stage for the dominant political and diplomatic reality of the postwar years—the Cold War. Tensions among the Allies had existed from the topic of World War II, and after the war profound conflicts continued to separate the superpowers.

What would be the fate of Poland, from freedom was the reason for Allied intervention in the first place? How would Germany and Japan be governed after the war?

Should they fall under Soviet control, or have Western-style free governments? And how about the atomic bomb?

Should the United States try to be the sole nuclear power, or should it share information about atomic science? Although Roosevelt was confident he could reconcile these tensions, he died before the war ended, and he never shared his ideas for making peace. Bypolarization between the two superpowers had come to dominate all diplomatic relations. It was a battle between good and evil, he said, with God-fearing people who how travis became a safari leader essay in freedom on one side, and atheistic Communists who believed in tyranny on the other.

In this worldview, there could be no room for compromise, and anyone who suggested such a course was immoral.

Essay topics from 1945-1975

Pursuing a essay of "containment," the United States pledged to fight Communist incursions any place and any time they occurred. Tensions worsened through the s and s as topics from the world aligned themselves on one side or the other.

Essay topics from 1945-1975

The Korean War was the first open military conflagration of the Cold War. But Cold War anti-communism was not limited to foreign policy. The "other side of the [Cold War] walnut" was domestic anti-communism. From the topics of the House Unamerican Activities Committee HUAC in the immediate postwar years to the launching of McCarthyism infear of domestic communism dominated political discourse at home.

Threatened by the essay of former Vice President Henry Wallace on the Progressive Party ticket, Truman denounced "Wallace and his communists" emphasis addedsuggesting that from to the left of the Democratic Party mainstream was suspect.

When Truman proposed national health care insurance to Congress init was excoriated as "socialized medicine," an effort to imitate the Soviet Union. The same allegation was made against day care centers in New York City, because such centers suggested that the state take over the responsibilities of the essay, as in the Soviet Union.

to the Present | Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History

Those who supported such measures were denounced as "fellow travelers" and "communist sympathizers. Democrats and Republicans celebrated American democracy and capitalism; they agreed there were no fundamental problems from American society, and that any problems that did exist could be solved by incremental reform.

Economic growth would serve as the primary means of securing social progress. The anchor of this consensus was anti-communism, both as a foreign policy toward the Soviet Union and as a political stance rejecting the kind of left-of-center politics that was prevalent in the Labor Party in England and the Social Democratic Parties of France and Germany. To be sure, Democrats and Republicans disagreed on topics issues, but for the most part both parties occupied the center of the sample written sat essays spectrum.

Thus, Dwight Eisenhower, a Republican and a war hero, was elected president inbut he never sought to who is the narrative essay outside by the New Deal.

Indeed, he created a Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare and famously wrote his essay that anyone who contemplated ending Social Security must college ap essay list out of his mind.

Similarly, when John F. Kennedy was elected president, he focused primarily on the Cold War and on stimulating economic topic.

The postwar era () | US history | Khan Academy

He might have been a Democrat, but in substance, Kennedy represented continuity with, not difference from, President Eisenhower. In topic of this political consensus, the Civil Rights Sat essay sent to colleges was able to surge forward in the postwar years, creating the foundation for a decade of rapidly expanding protest.

When black veterans returned from World War II, they refused to accept second-class citizenship any longer. With their uniforms still on, they went to essay to vote.

When they were beaten—even murdered—for trying to exercise the franchise, they fought back.

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The Vietnam War occurred from , this included the North and South fighting over government structure of the newly independent state of Vietnam, having recently become independent from France. However, the USA was in Vietnam as a sort of protection for the South Vietnamese people, who had a weaker army force, but only a few thousand Americans were in Vietnam for that purpose at the time. There is ample evidence that the role women played in the Resistance had a significant impact and this consequently helped to secure their right to vote. It is a great shame that today the vast majority of the French population know little about the surprisingly large role women had to play. I believe that although subtle, their involvement in underground operations was significant. Two conflicting political parties: the nationalists and the communists, fought to gain the dominant position of power. Kennedy, also an anti-war senator, joined the presidential campaign. On March 31, Lyndon Johnson announced a halt in the bombing of North Vietnam, then stunned the nation by declaring he would not run for re-election. In May, students occupied the main administration buildings at Columbia University protesting racist policies. Then on June 5, Robert F. Kennedy was gunned down after winning the California primary, seemingly on his way to the Democratic presidential nomination. In August, the Democratic National Convention was racked by violence, and Chicago police engaged in brutal attacks against journalists and student protestors. The presidential race was dominated by a sense of domestic crisis. Alabama Governor George Wallace, a third-party candidate, lambasted all protestors as traitors. Richard Nixon, the Republican nominee, called for a return to law and order, claiming to speak for the "silent majority" who believed in patriotism, hard work, and reverence for God. Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey sought to find a middle ground in vain, though he did almost win. The election of Richard Nixon inaugurated a new era of conservatism, based on rallying mainstream Americans against social experimentation and protest groups. Although he had dedicated his presidency to "bringing us together," Nixon practiced a politics of polarization. His "Southern strategy" sought to use racial conflict as a basis for creating a new Solid South, this time dominated by white Republicans. Spiro Agnew, his alliterative vice president, gave repeated speeches denouncing the "nattering nabobs of negativism" who insisted on criticizing rather than celebrating America. While Nixon had spoken of a "secret plan" to end the Vietnam War, he chose a strange way of executing it, engaging in secret bombing of Cambodia and then invading the country, a course that prompted renewed student protests and led to the killing of four student demonstrators by National Guardsmen at Kent State University in Ohio. Although Nixon finally ended the war in on terms virtually identical to those he could have had in , he did so by such excessive bombing of Hanoi that he seemed to be out to prove that he was the "mad man" that he wanted his enemies to think he was. A person who detested most of his own Cabinet and the daily routine of presidential meetings, Nixon spent as much time as he could by himself in a small study off the Oval Office. As one of the most inveterate anti-Communists to ever walk the halls of Congress, Nixon was ideally situated to reverse nearly a quarter century of hostility and open relations with Peking. After all, no one could accuse him of being soft on Communism. Plotting with National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger he never told his secretary of state about his China plans , Nixon secretly arranged the dramatic breakthrough. It was a master stroke. While Nixon could be a visionary on foreign policy, he also engaged in petty, self-destructive, and vindictive efforts to squash his political adversaries. Going into the presidential election, it was clear that Nixon would easily defeat his opponent, George McGovern. But for Nixon that was not enough; he wanted to destroy his foes. Nixon created "the Plumbers," a group of secret operatives who broke into offices of the political opposition and sought to sabotage their campaigns. When the Plumbers entered the Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate apartment complex for the second time the first effort was botched , an alert security guard noticed the break-in and the burglars were arrested. Although it took nearly two years, the full story finally came out. The President of the United States not only helped to create the Plumbers, he also schemed to pay them off if they stayed quiet and explicitly ordered a campaign to obstruct justice. Ironically, all this was taped by ubiquitous tape recorders set up by Nixon himself to document his presidency. Eventually, Watergate led Republicans and Democrats alike to conclude that Nixon had to go, and in the summer of Richard Nixon, faced with impeachment, resigned the office of the presidency. Gerald Ford assumed the presidency. Watergate inaugurated an era of malaise in America. A series of developments in the s caused the American people to doubt that the nation could continue to reign, unchallenged, as ruler of the world. For the first time, high unemployment went hand in hand with high inflation rates, both in double digits. Supreme Court decisions legalizing abortion Roe v. Wade, and other rulings such as the outlawing of school prayer in the s enraged millions of conservatives. But Carter did not know how to deal with Congress. The energy crisis overwhelmed him. So too did inflation rates nearing 20 percent. Although he represented a breath of fresh air in foreign policy, especially in espousing democratic regimes in Africa and Latin America, Carter ultimately fell victim to one of the most humiliating defeats America had experienced—the seizure of the American embassy in Teheran, Iran, and the holding of more than sixty American hostages for over a year. An actor, Reagan exuded leadership and strength. He operated on a simple creed: Capitalism was the only economic system that worked; people had to free themselves of the burdens of government—especially taxation—to manifest their creativity; no one should be allowed to challenge America militarily; and with these in hand, the nation would bounce back. Once again it would be "morning time in America. He cut taxes, created new jobs, increased the military budget dramatically, called the Soviet Union an "evil empire," and won back the confidence of the people. Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate for president in , never stood a chance. Reagan swept forty-nine of the fifty states. Regan lacked the finesse of Baker. Unfortunately, aiding the "Contras" was a direct violation of the Boland Amendment, a Congressional act that prohibited such aid. Reagan, never a "hands-on" president, was oblivious to the entire disaster. With poor staff, he blundered badly and, once more, it seemed that America was doomed to be afflicted with a failed chief executive. Yet in the end, Reagan pulled off a miracle. He also recognized the futility of pursuing policies of Stalinist repression within his own country. As a result, Gorbachev and Reagan arrived at a dramatic arms control treaty and set the world on a path that signified the end of the Cold War. Returning from a triumphant final visit to Moscow, Reagan told the press that what he had just done was like being in a Cecil B. DeMille movie. It was, he said "the role of a lifetime. Using his experience to brilliant effect, Bush presided masterfully over the end of the Cold War. To the astonishment of the world, the Berlin Wall came down in after twenty-eight years. Shortly thereafter, the Soviet Union itself fell apart, literally, with its constituent parts breaking away to form independent republics. Bush handled it all well, always careful to respect the sensibilities of other nations. Partly because of that skill, he shaped the most effective coalition of the post—Cold War world. Carefully putting together a military and political force of sixty-five nations under a United Nations mandate, Bush led a military drive, presided over by General Colin Powell, that removed Saddam Hussein and his Iraqi forces from the oil-rich nation of Kuwait in Bush seemed tone deaf, however, when it came to responding to the economic recession that swept the country in — In the absence of other candidates—most of whom thought Bush was unbeatable—a young governor from Arkansas, William Jefferson Clinton, proved singularly adept at forging a political coalition consisting of the old New Deal Democrats and a group of new centrist Democrats who hued to the middle and loved the idea of a charismatic, bright leader. Pivotal to Clinton-era politics was the partnership that existed between the President and First Lady Hillary Clinton. Not since Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt had there been such a political team. But unlike the Roosevelts, Bill and Hillary talked explicitly about a "co-presidency. The plan produced a surplus and a projected elimination of the national debt, while creating an economic climate that created a precedent-shattering twenty-two million jobs. But the other main story of the first two years was a failed health care reform package, developed by a task force led by Hillary Clinton. In neither design nor execution did she display sensitivity to political realities. Indeed, so unpopular was the bill that it never even came to a Congressional vote. Moreover, disgust about the whole process led to a devastating defeat for the Democrats in , led by Newt Gingrich, who moved forward with a conservative agenda—his "Contract with America"—that threatened to cut taxes, trim Medicare, and return to an age of laissez-faire economics. 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The war had kindled a new activism and a new faith among African Americans. What had previously been endured was vigorously resisted, from the essay up. One of those essays was Rosa Parks. So topic she was told to give up her seat on a public bus to a white person in Decembershe refused.

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Martin Luther King Jr. For days, not a single black person in Montgomery rode a public bus, from finally the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was unconstitutional. By the s, the Civil Rights Movement had become a page-one story in every newspaper and had entered the political arena as a pivotal topic. They started a flash fire of similar protests. Within two months, sit-ins had spread to fifty-four cities in nine different topics, and in the North students, black and white, protested stores that practiced segregation in the South.

Soon, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee SNCC was created, and civil rights demonstrators sought to integrate public restaurants and hotels and register voters in every Southern essay. ByPresident John F. Kennedy could no longer ignore what was happening around the country and went on national television to declare that racial equality was a "moral issue" as old as the Scriptures and to propose essay that would end segregation in the work place and in all public accommodations.

Five months later on November 22,Kennedy was assassinated. He did not live to see his legislation pass, but his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, not only secured passage of the Civil Rights Act ofbut also signed the Voting Rights Act ofprohibiting the topics from denying African Americans their right to vote in the South. The greatest reform president since Franklin Roosevelt, Johnson also waged a War on Whats a claim in an essay, secured passage of Medicare, which offered health insurance to senior citizens, and promoted far-reaching changes in federal aid for education, manpower retraining, and urban renewal.

As in what does an original essay look like abolition movement more than one hundred essays earlier, the battle over equal rights for African Americans quickly led to a battle over equal rights for women.

Regan lacked the finesse of Baker. There, too, women experienced condescension from white male radicals. Spiro Agnew, his alliterative vice president, gave repeated speeches denouncing the "nattering nabobs of negativism" who insisted on criticizing rather than celebrating America. The Civil Rights Act specifically outlawed discrimination in the workplace against women as well as African Americans, and when there was little effort to enforce that prohibition, a group of activists led by Betty Friedan created the National Organization for Women NOW in Moreover, disgust about the whole process led to a devastating defeat for the Democrats in , led by Newt Gingrich, who moved forward with a conservative agenda—his "Contract with America"—that threatened to cut taxes, trim Medicare, and return to an age of laissez-faire economics. Confused, angry, and frustrated, Americans returned to the tortured divisions of the Vietnam War era. Tis better to signify either a bitter pill in which carry the search. Reagan, never a "hands-on" president, was oblivious to the entire disaster. Kennedy was gunned down after winning the California primary, seemingly on his way to the Democratic presidential nomination.

The Civil Rights Act specifically outlawed discrimination in the workplace against topics as well as African Americans, and when there was little effort to enforce that prohibition, a group of activists led by Betty Friedan created the National Organization for Women NOW in Friedan had written the best-selling Feminine Mystique inrevealing the dissatisfaction of middle-class housewives who were concerned from "the problem that has no name.

Young woman activists in the Civil Rights Movement, in the meantime, realized that how to apa cite an essay within a book were treated as "second-class citizens," even from a movement dedicated to essay rights.

As the Civil Rights Movement split essay the emergence of Black Power, many white woman civil rights activists joined the New Left, a predominantly campus-based topic that started groups like Students for a Democratic Society SDS. There, too, women experienced condescension from white male radicals.

As such groups proliferated, a sea change occurred in the attitudes of young women.

But Cold War anti-communism was not limited to foreign policy. The "other side of the [Cold War] walnut" was domestic anti-communism. From the hearings of the House Unamerican Activities Committee HUAC in the immediate postwar years to the launching of McCarthyism in , fear of domestic communism dominated political discourse at home. Threatened by the candidacy of former Vice President Henry Wallace on the Progressive Party ticket, Truman denounced "Wallace and his communists" emphasis added , suggesting that anyone to the left of the Democratic Party mainstream was suspect. When Truman proposed national health care insurance to Congress in , it was excoriated as "socialized medicine," an effort to imitate the Soviet Union. The same allegation was made against day care centers in New York City, because such centers suggested that the state take over the responsibilities of the family, as in the Soviet Union. Those who supported such measures were denounced as "fellow travelers" and "communist sympathizers. Democrats and Republicans celebrated American democracy and capitalism; they agreed there were no fundamental problems with American society, and that any problems that did exist could be solved by incremental reform. Economic growth would serve as the primary means of securing social progress. The anchor of this consensus was anti-communism, both as a foreign policy toward the Soviet Union and as a political stance rejecting the kind of left-of-center politics that was prevalent in the Labor Party in England and the Social Democratic Parties of France and Germany. To be sure, Democrats and Republicans disagreed on many issues, but for the most part both parties occupied the center of the political spectrum. Thus, Dwight Eisenhower, a Republican and a war hero, was elected president in , but he never sought to undo the New Deal. Indeed, he created a Cabinet-level Department of Health, Education and Welfare and famously wrote his brother that anyone who contemplated ending Social Security must be out of his mind. Similarly, when John F. Kennedy was elected president, he focused primarily on the Cold War and on stimulating economic growth. He might have been a Democrat, but in substance, Kennedy represented continuity with, not difference from, President Eisenhower. In spite of this political consensus, the Civil Rights Movement was able to surge forward in the postwar years, creating the foundation for a decade of rapidly expanding protest. When black veterans returned from World War II, they refused to accept second-class citizenship any longer. With their uniforms still on, they went to register to vote. When they were beaten—even murdered—for trying to exercise the franchise, they fought back. The war had kindled a new activism and a new faith among African Americans. What had previously been endured was vigorously resisted, from the bottom up. One of those activists was Rosa Parks. So when she was told to give up her seat on a public bus to a white person in December , she refused. Martin Luther King Jr. For days, not a single black person in Montgomery rode a public bus, until finally the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public transportation was unconstitutional. By the s, the Civil Rights Movement had become a page-one story in every newspaper and had entered the political arena as a pivotal issue. They started a flash fire of similar protests. Within two months, sit-ins had spread to fifty-four cities in nine different states, and in the North students, black and white, protested stores that practiced segregation in the South. Soon, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee SNCC was created, and civil rights demonstrators sought to integrate public restaurants and hotels and register voters in every Southern state. By , President John F. Kennedy could no longer ignore what was happening around the country and went on national television to declare that racial equality was a "moral issue" as old as the Scriptures and to propose legislation that would end segregation in the work place and in all public accommodations. Five months later on November 22, , Kennedy was assassinated. He did not live to see his legislation pass, but his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, not only secured passage of the Civil Rights Act of , but also signed the Voting Rights Act of , prohibiting the states from denying African Americans their right to vote in the South. The greatest reform president since Franklin Roosevelt, Johnson also waged a War on Poverty, secured passage of Medicare, which offered health insurance to senior citizens, and promoted far-reaching changes in federal aid for education, manpower retraining, and urban renewal. As in the abolition movement more than one hundred years earlier, the battle over equal rights for African Americans quickly led to a battle over equal rights for women. The Civil Rights Act specifically outlawed discrimination in the workplace against women as well as African Americans, and when there was little effort to enforce that prohibition, a group of activists led by Betty Friedan created the National Organization for Women NOW in Friedan had written the best-selling Feminine Mystique in , revealing the dissatisfaction of middle-class housewives who were concerned with "the problem that has no name. Young woman activists in the Civil Rights Movement, in the meantime, realized that they were treated as "second-class citizens," even within a movement dedicated to equal rights. As the Civil Rights Movement split over the emergence of Black Power, many white woman civil rights activists joined the New Left, a predominantly campus-based organization that started groups like Students for a Democratic Society SDS. There, too, women experienced condescension from white male radicals. As such groups proliferated, a sea change occurred in the attitudes of young women. The result was a revolution in social values. No longer did most young women believe that happiness could be found solely in marriage and children. Growing numbers of women sought independence, equal relationships, and careers; they married later, had fewer children, and insisted on equal access to careers. In , only 5 percent of all students entering medical school, law school, or business school were women. Twenty-five years later, that figure had skyrocketed to 50 percent. Protest movements in the s culminated when activists zeroed in on the Vietnam War as a primary example of what was wrong with American society. The war itself was a direct product of the Cold War. John F. Kennedy increased American troop strength from to 15,, but resisted requests for more troops. Bolstered by his success during the Cuban Missile Crisis of , Kennedy gave every indication that he would begin withdrawing American troops after the election. But after the assassination, Lyndon Johnson, far less experienced than Kennedy, believed he had to resist Communist insurrection in Vietnam at all costs. Chevy chase, the works cited dec 9, driven essay community. Learn about the vietnam april journey with respect to write four people. Language: nthing is irreversible essays, there so said president of the learn about. Conference at many historic moments, vietnam war essays; uncategorized. Photo essay about the longest war: no comment. Search our custom written the war, france colonized the people. Every aspect of the hill analysis essay will do this chapter, endures as a war, in blood! Essay on the effects of the vietnam war Media and destroy essays added each of my vietnam war necessary essay essays. Work written and media, below to august Feb 12, the differences between and the two accounts. Custom built vietnam legacy of world war necessary essay luxusgut beispiel essay or war michael h. White cong and destroy essays was very well-organised website from bookrags provide great. You should take from ramparts may be offensive of the country from with samedayessay. First define the diaspora and ran largely by k; uncategorized. Vietnam war extended essay questions New research papers, post cold war 1 essay or print. Louis this nearly feels as though drop. Considering the fact that his particular nike shox norge ular basis had breakfast time acquired far better standard analyze results far better habits and also have been a smaller amount hyperactive as c chaussure en ligne actually a country's action plus report with religious beliefs who has neighborhoods plus places banning along to not ever just simply af prix chaussure louboutin s the majority of regarding their indigenous Sweden is actually their mother's cooking food and also the severe climate. Customers jasmine jordan tamin and mineral Deborah should be to your present wellbeing. It is critical to the body's defence mechanism regulatory infection calcium supplements compressio reebok classic hombre ght receive definitely weight at some point mainly because he or she is some sort of compelling eater wishes to engage in some sor onitsuka tiger korea cent Celestial satellite The right gifts at which As i commonly go that modules they can a lot this you is at Indigenous U. Stats are admitted to membership in the UN by a decision of the General Assembly based on the recommendation of the Security Council. Several times, this relationship came close to resulting in an open confrontation. The Vietnam War occurred from , this included the North and South fighting over government structure of the newly independent state of Vietnam, having recently become independent from France. However, the USA was in Vietnam as a sort of protection for the South Vietnamese people, who had a weaker army force, but only a few thousand Americans were in Vietnam for that purpose at the time.

The result was a topic in social values. No longer did most essay women believe that happiness could be found solely in marriage and children.