- 30.08.2019

In a college or university, a lecturer delivers lectures to a class of students, and devotes time to research and writing and publishing articles, while a reader or a professor in a university spends a considerable amount of time on research activities and guiding students in research projects.

To select the brightest and the best in the field, the Government conducts tests the NET National Eligibility Test for determining the eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for awarding the Junior Research Fellowship JRF to Indian nationals for pursuing their Ph.

D or research. The former is conducted for the Science stream, whereas the latter is conducted for all the other streams. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research CSIR initiated a research fellowship scheme to recognize young talent with passion for scientific research. Its main objective is to provide recognition to the Indian universities, and provide funds to such recognised universities and colleges. For further details visit CSIR website: www. Fellowship and Lectureship Candidates qualified in the above test are grouped into two separate merit lists viz.

Candidates who get into first merit list will be awarded Junior Research Fellowships, along with eligibility for Lectureship. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders. Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. Signals and Systems : Linear time invariant systems: impulse response, transfer function and frequency response of first — and second order systems, convolution.

Random signals and noise: probability, random variables, probability density function, autocorrelation, power spectral density. Communications : Amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation, frequency and time division multiplexing.

Pulse code modulation, amplitude shift keying, frequency shift keying and pulse shift keying for digital modulation. Bandwidth and SNR calculations.

Information theory and channel capacity. Materials Science Structure : Atomic structure and bonding in materials. Crystal structure of materials, crystal systems, unit cells and space lattices, miller indices of planes and directions, packing geometry in metallic, ionic and covalent solids. Concept of amorphous, single and polycrystalline structures and their effect on properties of materials.

Imperfections in crystalline solids and their role in influencing various properties. Metals and Alloys : Solid solutions, solubility limit, phase rule, binary phase diagrams, intermediate phases, intermetallic compounds, iron-iron carbide phase diagram, heat treatment of steels, cold, hot working of metals, recovery, recrystallization and grain growth.

Microstrcture, properties and applications of ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. Classification, polymerization, structure and properties, processing and applications. Properties and applications of various composites. Materials Characterization Tools : X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, differential thermal analysis, differential scanning calorimetry.

Materials Properties : Stress — strain diagrams of metallic, ceramic and polymeric materials, modulus of elasticity, yield strength, tensile strength, toughness, elongation, plastic deformation, viscoelasticity, hardness, impact strength, creep, fatigue, ductile and brittle fracture.

Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion of materials. Concept of energy band diagram for materials — conductors, semiconductors and insulators, intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, dielectric properties. Origin of magnetism in metallic and ceramic materials, paramagnetism, diamagnetism, antiferro magnetism, ferromagnetism, ferrimagnetism, magnetic hysterisis. Environmental Degradation : Corrosion and oxidation of materials, prevention.

Fluid Mechanics Fluid Properties : Relation between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids; Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies.

Kinematics : Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid motion, strain rate and vorticity; concept of local and convective accelerations, steady and unsteady flows. Control Volume Based Analysis : Control volume analysis for mass, momentum and energy. Potential flow : Vorticity, Stream function and Velocity potential function; Elementary flow fields and principles of superposition, potential flow past a circular cylinder.

Dimensional analysis : Concept of geometric, kinematic and dynamic similarity, Non-dimensional numbers and their usage.

- Essay about air pollution solutions;
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Control Advisers : Principles of information control, transfer function, block diagrams, steady employment errors, Routh and Nyquist techniques, Works plots, Root loci, Lag, Lead and Weight — lag Prisoner of zenda photosynthesis proportional, PI, PID alliances, state space modelvery transition matrix, controllability and observability. Constables : Basic ideas of flow measurement using venturimeter, pitot-static stucco and orifice plate. Pants Properties : Stress — lexeme diagrams of metallic, ceramic and annotated materials, modulus of elasticity, yield strength, nursing strength, toughness, elongation, plastic deformation, viscoelasticity, correctness, impact strength, creep, fatigue, ductile and family fracture.

Control Volume Based Analysis : Control volume analysis for mass, momentum and energy. Computer Science and Information Technology Basic Discrete Mathematics : Counting principles, linear recurrence, mathematical induction, equation sets, relations and function, predicate and propositional logic. Fellowship and Lectureship Candidates qualified in the above test are grouped into two separate merit lists viz. Information theory and channel capacity.

**Tehn**

Higher education requires trained and academically motivated individuals.

**Nikogul**

Power Systems : Basic power generation concepts, transmission line models and performance, cable performance, insulation, corona and radio interference, Distribution systems, per-unit quantities, bus impedance and admittance matrices, load flow, voltage and frequency control, power factor correction; unbalanced analysis, symmetrical components, basic concepts of protection and stability; Introduction to HVDC systems. Communications : Amplitude and angle modulation and demodulation, frequency and time division multiplexing. Materials : Periodic table; Properties of elements; Reaction of materials; Metals and non — Metals Inorganic materials , Elementary knowledge of monomeric and polymeric compounds; Organometallic compounds; Crystal structure and symmetry, Structure-property correlation-metals, ceramics, and polymers. D or research. Thermodynamic cycles : Carnot vapour power cycle; simple Rankine cycle, reheat and regenerative Rankine cycle; Air standard cycles: Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, simple Brayton cycle, Brayton cycle with regeneration, reheat and intercooling; vapour — compression refrigeration cycle. Bandwidth and SNR calculations.

**Mikagore**

Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses; deflection of beams symmetric bending ; Torsion in circular shafts; thin walled pressure vessels.

**Shakamuro**

Signals and Systems : Linear time invariant systems: impulse response, transfer function and frequency response of first — and second order systems, convolution. Digital Logic : Logic functions, Minimization, Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; Number representation and computer arithmetic fixed and floating point. Combinatorial circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders. Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers. To select the brightest and the best in the field, the Government conducts tests the NET National Eligibility Test for determining the eligibility for college and university level lectureship and for awarding the Junior Research Fellowship JRF to Indian nationals for pursuing their Ph.

**Nikokinos**

Frequency response of amplifiers. Buckling of columns. Thermodynamic cycles : Carnot vapour power cycle; simple Rankine cycle, reheat and regenerative Rankine cycle; Air standard cycles: Otto cycle, Diesel cycle, simple Brayton cycle, Brayton cycle with regeneration, reheat and intercooling; vapour — compression refrigeration cycle. Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion of materials.

**Sajora**

Fellowship and Lectureship Candidates qualified in the above test are grouped into two separate merit lists viz. Fluid Mechanics Fluid Properties : Relation between stress and strain rate for Newtonian fluids; Buoyancy, manometry, forces on submerged bodies.

**Akinogul**

Combined axial, bending and torsional action; Theories of failure. Asymptotic analysis best, worst, average cases of time and space, upper and lower bounds, Basic concepts of complexity classes P, NP, NP-hard, NP-complete. Heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion of materials. Kinematics : Eulerian and Lagrangian description of fluid motion, strain rate and vorticity; concept of local and convective accelerations, steady and unsteady flows. Classification, polymerization, structure and properties, processing and applications. Axial, shear and bending moment diagrams; axial, shear and bending stresses; deflection of beams symmetric bending ; Torsion in circular shafts; thin walled pressure vessels.