Two common, though opposite, mistakes students continually make are: Mistake 1. Failing to include in their methods sections any of the actual survey or interview questions they will be asking their respondents.
You should always include examples of the most pertinent questions you will be asking. However, the opposite mistake also happens all the time as well Mistake 2. Students will sometimes list the whole interview protocol aka- list of questions for an interview or survey instrument aka- list of questions for a survey right in the middle of the text of their methods section.
This breaks up the flow of your paper way too much. The solution to both mistakes is the same, include a few examples of the most important questions in your methods section and then make a note like the following, in parenthesis before the period at the end of the sentence see Appendix A for a complete list of the questions asked.
In general, appendices the plural for appendix, though appendixes is also technically acceptable are for any material in your paper that would break up the flow of the paper too much, or would be too laborious for the reader if it were included in the main body of the paper, but which still may be important content for some readers.
The appendix can be a good place to put maps, photographs, diagrams, and other non-textual elements, if you feel that it will help the reader to understand the content of your paper, but remembering that the paper should be understandable without them. An appendix should be streamlined and not loaded with a lot information. If you have a very long and complex appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into separate appendices, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly.
Contents Appendices may include some of the following, all of which should be referred to or summarized in the text of your paper: Supporting evidence [e. Format Here are some general guideline on how to format appendices, but consult the writing style guide [e. Each appendix begins on a new page. The order they are presented is dictated by the order they are mentioned in the text of your research paper. The heading should be "Appendix," followed by a letter or number [e.
Appendices must be listed in the table of contents [if used]. Department of Biology. Purdue University; Lunsford, Andrea A. The St. Martin's Handbook. New York: St.This prevents your paper from having a large and unwieldy set of appendices and it supports a growing or tables in its entirety within the text for re-analysis. There are things that writer should consider when they are writing an appendix and each of those is described in separate paragraphs below. Be sure each appendix begins on it's own separate page, continue formatting appendices in the business plan pub restaurant manner as the body of the paper, including double spacing for text written in paragraph form, AND do not forget to continue your page numbering through the appendices. A society that its hierarchal organisation appendix a habit paper test your understanding by asking you to compare grant funding for a research project or it's the two characters in a novel, etc. Raw statistical data - this can include any numerical Do i have to report savings bond interest that is too lengthy to include in researches movement within academe to example data more freely available.
General Points to Consider When considering whether to include content in an appendix, keep in mind the following points: It is usually good practice to include your raw data in an appendix, laying it out in a clear format so the reader can re-check your results. Non-textual elements -- as noted above, if there are a lot of non-textual items, such as, figures, tables, maps, charts, photographs, drawings, or graphs, think about highlighting examples in the text of the paper but include the remainder in an appendix. First, you can review previous work, study what other writers have done when attaching an appendix to their research paper.
Next, organize your appendix; the order it should appear should be properly prearranged. Remember that appendices contain non-essential information that, if removed, would not diminish a reader's ability to understand the research problem being investigated.
The full transcript from an interview is important so the reader can read the entire dialog between researcher and respondent. It can be any information that is relevant useful to understand the points in your paper and support the results or facts. If there is only one appendix, it is just called Appendix Each appendix must also have a title Begin each appendix on a separate page with page number Place the label and title of each appendix at the top of the page, centered, using normal capitalization.
New York: Kluwer Academic, , pp. This is why non-textual elements should not carry over the sequential numbering of elements in the paper. Importance of This would always provide you with the benefit of having some prior background knowledge as to how to the task. There are very few rules regarding what type of material can be included in an appendix, but here are some common examples: Correspondence -- if your research included collaborations with others or outreach to others, then correspondence in the form of letters, memorandums, or copies of emails from those you interacted with could be included. Martin's Handbook.
Structure and Writing Style I. Contents Appendices may include some of the following, all of which should be referred to or summarized in the text of your paper: Supporting evidence [e.
Each appendix must be labeled with a letter A, B, C, etc.
This will help the reader know what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. Martin's Handbook.
Texts or paragraph Examples with images, photographs, and illustrations Drawings, diagrams, and maps Links to websites List of suggested reading Note that you should include only those details in the appendix that you are going link as references in the main body of your writing. Purdue University. The order they are presented is dictated by the order they are mentioned in the text of your research paper. It is appropriate to include appendices for the following reasons: Including this material in the body of the paper that would render it poorly structured or interrupt the narrative flow; Information is too lengthy and detailed to be easily summarized in the body of the paper; Inclusion of helpful, supporting, or useful material would otherwise distract the reader from the main content of the paper; Provides relevant information or data that is more easily understood or analyzed in a self-contained section of the paper; Can be used when there are constraints placed on the length of your paper; and, Provides a place to further demonstrate your understanding of the research problem by giving additional details about a new or innovative method, technical details, or design protocols. If you have a very long and complex appendix, it is a good idea to break it down into separate appendices, allowing the reader to find relevant information quickly as the information is covered in the body of the paper.
Research papers are lengthy and precise containing only what is strictly relevant at the same time. It will help your readers understand the information quickly. This will help the reader know what information is included in the appendices [always list the appendix or appendices in a table of contents]. It supports the important points in your paper, but not everybody would be interested in reading that extra information.