Bolsinger, M. Lier, and P. Boppre, Michael, and R. Borgstadt, Tanisha M. Borkin, Susan Sullivan. Bozarth, Timothy. Bradley, CA, and S Altizer. Brattstrom, Oskar, Leonard I. Wassenaar, Keith A. Hobson, and Susanne Akesson. Brindza, Larry J. Brower, Andrew K. Davis, and Tonya Van Hook. Briscoe, Adriana D. Kozak, James R. Walters, Furong Yuan, Gabriel A.
Jamie, Simon H. Martin, et al. Brooks, Jennifer Lynn. Brower, Jane Van Zandt. Brower, L. Seiber, C. Nelson, S. Lynch, M.
Hoggard, and J. Asclepias Californica. Lynch, and M. Reared on Milkweed Plants in California: 2. Asclepias Speciosa. Lynch, and P. Brower, Lincoln P. Gilippus Berenice in South Central Florida. Breeding Populations of Danaus Plexippus and D. Fink, and Peter Walford.
Elizabeth Horner, Melanie A. Marty, Christine M. Moffitt, and Bernardo Villa-R. Taylor, and Ernest H. Taylor, Ernest H. Williams, Daniel A.
Slayback, Raul R. Zubieta, and M. Isabel Ramirez. Williams, Linda S. Fink, Daniel A. Slayback, M. Isabel Ramirez, M. Van Limon Garcia, Raul R. Zubieta, Stuart B. Weiss, William H. Calvert, and Willow Zuchowski. Slayback, Linda S. Fink, M. Isabel Ramirez, Raul R. Zubieta, M. Lear, and Tonya Van Hook. Fink, Raul R. Brower, Lincoln Pearson. Brower, LP. Brown, J. Buckley, Steve, and Gary Paul Nabhan.
Buden, Donald W. Agrawal, Cyril Roge, T. Bull, C. Zalucki, Y. Suzuki, D. Mackay, and R. Burton, Adrian. Byron-Cooper, Olivia. Caballero-Mendietaa, Nubia, and Carlos Cordero. Peretti and Anita Aisenberg, — Cham: Springer International Publishing, Calvert, W. During Fall, Hedrick, and L. Calvert, William H. Hyatt, and Norma P. Austin, Tex. Campbell-Martinez, G.
Thetford, D. Miller, and H. Carlon Allende, Teodoro, Manuel E. Mendoza, Diego R. Carlon-Allende, Teodoro, Manuel E. Carvalho, Ana Paula S. Orr, and Akito Y. Casagrande, R. Castellanos-Acuna, Dante, Roberto A. Lindig-Cisneros, Miguel A.
Silva-Farias, and Cuauhtemoc Saenz-Romero. Catalan, Andres K. Cenedella, Richard J. Cepero, Laurel C. Rosenwald, and Martha R. Chaffee, Carol L. Chan, Andrew. Chang, J. Chaplin, Susan B. Chapman, Jason W. Nesbit, Laura E. Burgin, Don R. Reynolds, Alan D. Smith, Douglas R. Level 2 4—6 marks Uses named example More developed statements describing the impacts of a tropical storm. Do not accept a tropical storm as named example — must be the name of an area. Accept a region country or part of a country as long as the whole of that area was affected.
Comprehensive and accurate statements describing the impacts of a tropical storm, including some place specific reference. There is likely to be reference to the following ideas: deaths flooding damage to property injuries economy communication agriculture NB The focus is on impacts not causes. Need the comparison. Could do vice versa but must mention Spain if they do.
Most of the points below will apply to any of the photographs although there may be specific points that relate to individual photos. Level 2 4—6 marks Uses named example More developed statements explaining how and why the employment structure of a country has changed.
Comprehensive and accurate statements explaining how and why the employment structure of a country has changed including some place specific reference. There is likely to be reference to the following ideas: mechanisation education skills development investment multinationals demand for services reasons for moving into a different sector e. The focus must be on change. Level 2 4—6 marks Uses named example More developed statements explaining causes of water pollution.
Not a country. There are a large number of proof-of-concept works related to nanocarriers based on fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, nanodiamonds, graphene, etc. However, to the best of the knowledge of the authors, disease treatment strategies which have shown potential either in vitro or in proof-of-concept experiments using these materials are yet to move beyond pre-clinical stage, therefore, this paper doesn't focus on these materials. Of course, quantum dots are used in life sciences for cell imaging, tracking and elucidating biochemical mechanisms, hence they are important for medical research and innovation, but they are beyond the scope of this review.
There is only one in vitro diagnostic device in the clinical trial phase which possibly uses SWCNT single walled carbon nanotube , therefore, this paper also doesn't focus on the ecotoxicity research conducted on carbon nanotubes. The governance and regulatory framework explained in the text is EU centric and the paper refrains from touching upon other regulatory guidelines existing beyond the EU, unless exceptionally necessary to explain a particular section.
Nanotechnology in healthcare applications The aim of nanomedicine is the comprehensive monitoring, repair and improvement of all human biological systems, working from the molecular level using engineered devices and nanostructures to achieve medical benefit. The concept includes nanoscale active components or objects ranging in size from 1 nm to s of nm. Therefore, a widely accepted and clear definition is essential for appropriate regulation of nanomedicine but is not in place as yet due to novelty and multidisciplinarity of the field and broad range of applications that can be developed in the context of other convergent technologies.
Nevertheless, rapid progress towards a definition is essential for regulatory purposes. Nanomaterials are broadly classified into two categories based on the type of interactions exploited for designing nanomedicine. Hard nanomaterials are metal and metal oxide nanoparticles, fullerenes, etc. AgNPs has an antimicrobial effect and finds it uses in bandages for burn injuries, catheters and others.
Nelson, S. Comprehensive and accurate statements explaining how and why the area is at risk from human activities, including some place specific reference. Chaffee, Carol L. There is likely to be reference to the following ideas: impact on plants wildlife food chain soil local atmosphere NB Credit positive impacts — for example conservation and afforestation.
Slayback, M. Altizer, Sonia, Keith A. Asclepias Speciosa. Oberhauser, Jacobus C. Baum, Kristen A. Calvert, and Willow Zuchowski.
This paper focuses on nanomedical applications which are marketed or are in advanced stages of clinical development. Eanes, Walter F. Orr, and Akito Y.
Da Valle, Brandon. Cureton, James C.
Barker, John Frank. Cenedella, Richard J. Tracking Natal Origins of Parasitized vs. Level 2 4—6 marks Uses named example More developed statements which explain reasons for international migration.