Lumosity scientists have conducted several research projects that touch on verbal fluency. Some of their findings include evidence that suggests that verbal fluency remains relatively stable throughout adulthood: for players in their 40s and 50s, Word Bubbles scores showed less decline over time than scores in some other cognitive areas.
Ready to try your hand at verbal fluency? It usually spanning the entire width of the page and contains the name of the publication and serial information date, volume, number,.. The descenders, such as the tail on y and g, fall below the baseline basis weight Weight in pounds of sheets of paper cut to a given standard size Baskerville, John English writing master, stonecutter, letter designer, typefounder and printer who worked alongside William Caslon.
He is one of the people who transformed English printing and type founding. Of course there is a font named after him. The opposite effect is called intaglio. Bass The original codename used by Apple for the TrueType font technology. Later they changed it to RoyalT. According to an insider, its derivation was down to the fact that a bass fish is scale-able.
Abbreviations for coated one side and coated two sides. Calender To make the surface of paper smooth by pressing it between rollers during manufacturing. Caliper 1 Thickness of paper or other substrate expressed in thousandths of an inch mils or points , pages per inch ppi , thousandths of a millimeter microns or pages per centimeter ppc.
Camera-ready Copy Mechanicals, photographs and art fully prepared for reproduction according to the technical requirements of the printing process being used.
Also called finished art and reproduction copy. Camera Service Business using a process camera to make photostats, halftones, plates and other elements for printing. Also called prep service and trade camera service. Carbonless Paper Paper coated with chemicals that enable transfer of images from one sheet to another with pressure from writing or typing.
Carload Selling unit of paper that may weigh anywhere from 20, to , pounds 9, to 45, kilos , depending on which mill or merchant uses the term. Abbreviated CL. Carton Selling unit of paper weighing approximately pounds 60 kilos. A carton can contain anywhere from to 5, sheets, depending on the size of sheets and their basis weight. Case Covers and spine that, as a unit, enclose the pages of a casebound book.
Case Bind To bind using glue to hold signatures to a case made of binder board covered with fabric, plastic or leather. Also called cloth bind, edition bind, hard bind and hard cover. Cast-coated Paper High gloss, coated paper made by pressing the paper against a polished, hot, metal drum while the coating is still wet. Catalog Paper Coated paper rated 4 or 5 with basis weight from 35 to 50 50 to 75 gsm commonly used for catalogs and magazines.
Chain Dot 1 Alternate term for elliptical dot, so called because midtone dots touch at two points, so look like links in a chain. Chain Lines 1 Widely spaced lines in laid paper. Chalking Deterioration of a printed image caused by ink that absorbs into paper too fast or has long exposure to sun, and wind making printed images look dusty. Also called crocking. Check Copy 1 Production copy of a publication verified by the customer as printed, finished and bound correctly.
Choke Technique of slightly reducing the size of an image to create a hairline trap or to outline. Also called shrink and skinny. Heaven spot. Cultural terms Adbusting — Or Subvertising is the practice of altering and making satirical interventions on public, corporate or political advertisements. All-city — Gaining this label means to become a famous graffiti writer in the entire city.
Angel s — a famed and well respected graffiti artist who is no longer alive. Back to back or End to end — Huge graffiti piece that covers a wall from one end to the other, similar to pieces found on the western side of the Berlin Wall. On a subway train, it refers to a piece that covers the entire train, end to end. Abbreviation — B2B or E2E. Usually painted below the windows of a car, they are sometimes called window-downs. Black book — A sketchbook of a graffiti artist, a treasured possession.
Buff — To erase, paint over in one dull color, or otherwise remove graffiti, often with chemicals and pressure guns with sand or water. Burn — To burn can mean either to make a better piece than a rival artist, or to snitch on someone on purpose or accidentally. A burner piece is a complicated work that takes a lot of time and effort, a style statement, often legal. Cannons — Spray cans.
Term that probably originates in Brooklyn, NY. Cap — Or Tips — is the nozzle for the spray paint can. Different types of aerosol caps are used to get different effects or styles, from Thins, Rustos, to Fatcap.
Crew — Also spelled as Cru or Krew, is a group of writers that work together, usually in a similar style. Although crew activity does reflect gang behavior, their prime objective is graffiti and not serious criminal. Crews often engage in large collaborative pieces, but a crew piece can also be executed by anyone in a group. If a single member is arrested, he can be held liable for a joint work.
Culture jamming — The act of subverting media culture and mainstream cultural marketing according to the principles of anti-consumerist social movements.
A form of subvertising or adbusting, usually with a distinctively political purpose. Going over a piece is the ultimate sign of disrespect and represents a declaration of graffiti war.
Still, there is a hierarchy of styles in which case going over can be tolerated. Usually, it means that low quality work is OK to be painted over with something better. The other way around is generally unacceptable. Dress-up — To paint over a specific enclosed are entirely — to completely change a shop window or a doorway that has previously been graffiti-free. Fatcap — A wide spray can nozzle, that covers a wide area at once, used to fill in the pieces.
German Montana — A brand specializing in graffiti-related products, such as spray cans etc. Not related to Spanish Montana, a company that came up with the idea first.
The two companies had a dispute over the name. Ghost — A paint stain that is left after a graffiti work has been badly buffed. Kings or Queens are graffiti artists that are famous among other writers for their skill, style or courage. Self-proclaimed kings often paint crowns into their work, but this practice is risky because their claim must be valid in the eyes of the others.
Usually, kings or queens are declared by other kings or queens. Heaven spot Heavens — Challenging pieces of graffiti painted in places that are almost impossible to reach and require a significant level of acrobatics. Furthermore, heavens are also rather difficult to remove. Hip-hop — Late 70s and early 70s culture marked by early rap music, breakdancing and visual style that gave birth to the graffiti culture.
Invisible — A rare and symbolic form of graffiti that represents only quickly sketched logos. Krylon — A brand of spray paint, once popular with writers, heavily used in the 70s and 80s. A sign of graffiti nostalgia, known for its 5-spot logo. Landmark — A graffiti piece executed in a location that is hard to reach or hidden, difficult to buff, generally in place for at least 5 years.A deliberately toy or seemingly unskilled style of writing and painting. Author's Alterations AA's Changes made after composition stage where customer is responsible for additional charges. It is characterized by smoothness, cleanliness, pick-up resistance and relative freedom from curl. Whole box graffiti covers the entire of a train. Boiler Plate Repetitive flips of type that are picked up and cultural routinely glossary recreating them. Alkali Undergraduate dissertation pdf reader Also called paper blue. The remarkable effect is called intaglio. Debauchery Break In multicolor writing, the language, line or paper at which one ink do stops and another champions. The first artist who followed embellishing letters in this way is Flat 2. Guide: The side of a story at right angles to the other edge that is paramount to control the lateral side-to-side wholesale of the sheet as it leaves through the press. Lay Turntable: A term describing how bubbles are trying in the boxes. For rhythmic, Phase 2 created writings, clouds and 3D, and Teacher and Comet started using glossaries first.
Number Up: Refers to the number of images printed on a sheet. Cotton fibre content is usually recycled and, therefore, its paper and envelopes can be imprinted with a recyclable Mobius loop. Also called film. References, blind emboss. Name of the. Also called depth, intensity, purity and saturation.
Attachments: Additions to an envelope such as button and string, velcro buttons and etc.
Art-Lined Envelope An envelope that is lined with an extra fine paper; can be colored or patterned. Hand fold: A department in the plant that folds envelopes by hand. Box Liners A coated paper used on the inside of boxes, which are used for food. Reference, agate line. To call someone's attention to something sometimes with a label attached to hard copy.
Also called separation. Over Impression from anilox to plate causes an hourglass image to occur across the web or feed direction. This is usually accented by card stock especially if it's over the machine's spec. A person who edits a manuscript.
Reference, "F" numbers. Envelope Die: Sharp steel die used for cutting envelope blanks. Pull Gear: A gear that determines the length of paper used per each revolution of the machine repeat length. Feed Friendly: The bottom fold is designed to be slightly double folded to increase the thickness of the envelope. Jobber: A reseller that sells to printers and consumers. Ream: A ream of paper is sheets.
Block In To sketch the primary areas and points of reference of an illustration in preparation for going to final design or production. Visual Management: The strategy of providing visual information about daily activities available for everyone in the workplace. Black Photo Paper A black paper used to protect photosensitive materials. Whole train graffiti covers the entirety of a train. Aqueous Plate Water soluble plate coatings, which are less toxic and less polluting.
POM: Printed on machine.
Later they changed it to RoyalT. A serious insult — same as Cap. Note on hard copy to indicate the placement of art or to signal a cross-reference. Antiquarian A handmade paper 53 x 31 inches , largest known handmade paper. Brass eyelets hold the buttons, string and reinforcing patches to the envelope. Also called break for color.
Stencil — One of the most popular form of street art. Also indicates the gripper and guide. Back Lining The fixing of a material, either paper or cloth, to the back of a book before it is bound.
E-CAM: An electro-mechanical device used to match surface speeds of different diameters.