Anything not home-delivered. Slug: The name of a story file. Spike: To kill, or remove, a story. Spread: A package of stories or photographs, possibly on facing pages. Skybox: A promotional box usually above the frontpage flag of the newspaper. Also known as a teaser. Stand-alone or wild art: Photographs that have no accompanying stories. Starter: The last page that is sent to the pressroom. When it is loaded onto the press, the presses can start. Stet: A proofreading symbol that means to leave it the way it is.
It is considered unethical not to attribute a scoop to the journalist s who broke a story, even if they are employed by a rival organization. Definitions of professionalism differ among news agencies ; their reputations, according to both professional standards and reader expectations, are often tied to the appearance of objectivity. In its most ideal form, news writing strives to be intelligible to the majority of readers, engaging, and succinct.
Within these limits, news stories also aim to be comprehensive. However, other factors are involved, some stylistic and some derived from the media form. Among the larger and more respected newspapers, fairness and balance is a major factor in presenting information. Commentary is usually confined to a separate section, though each paper may have a different overall slant.
Editorial policies dictate the use of adjectives, euphemisms, and idioms. Newspapers with an international audience, for example, tend to use a more formal style of writing. The specific choices made by a news outlet's editor or editorial board are often collected in a style guide ; common style guides include the AP Stylebook and the US News Style Book. The main goals of news writing can be summarized by the ABCs of journalism: accuracy, brevity, and clarity. Journalistic prose is explicit and precise and tries not to rely on jargon.
As a rule, journalists will not use a long word when a short one will do. They use subject-verb-object construction and vivid, active prose see Grammar. They offer anecdotes , examples and metaphors , and they rarely depend on generalizations or abstract ideas.
News writers try to avoid using the same word more than once in a paragraph sometimes called an "echo" or "word mirror". The Future of News? About Ledes The introduction to a news article is called the 'lede' and is usually in the first paragraph as in an essay. The 'lede' is a deliberate misspelling of 'lead' to prevent confusion in the days when printing was done with lead type. The lede not only tells what the story is about, it also invites the reader to read further.
Ledes answer the classic 5 W's and an H questions of journalism: What happened? What could happen? Who did it? Who did it happen to? Copy Desk — The desk where articles are edited, headlines and captions are written, and newspaper style is enforced.
Cover Story — Leading story used on the front cover of a magazine. CQ — Correct as is; lets copy editors know that something has been checked and needs no further checking. Credibility — Believability of a writer or publication. Crosshead — A few words used to break up large amounts of text, normally taken from the main text.
Often used in interviews. Cub — A trainee reporter. Also called a rookie or junior reporter. Cut — To remove text. Cutline — Text printed below a picture used to describe it. Also called a caption. Also called clips or portfolio. Dateline — A line at the beginning of a story stating the location the story took place.
Death-knock — Calling at the house of a bereaved relative or friend when reporting on the death. Also called door-stepping. Deck — Part of the headline which summarises the story. Also called deck copy or bank. Direct Quote — The exact reproduction of a verbatim quote in quote marks and correctly attributed.
Double Truck — An ad or editorial project that covers two facing pages. Also called a spread. Draft — The first version of an article before editing and submission to the editor. Editor — Someone who prepares material for print or broadcast. Embargo — The time when something can be released. News may be released early so that news outlets can be ready to publish or air it, but there may be a restriction on when it can be released to the public.
Endnote — Text written at the end of an article stating the authors credentials. Fact sheet — A page of significant information prepared by public relations people to help news media in covering a special event. Feature — A longer, more in-depth article. An article of special interest with a quality other than its timeliness as main attraction. Flash — Short news story on a new event. Fluff — News that is not hard-hitting. The lighter news, or soft news.
Follow-up — An update on a previous story. Also called a folo. Font — Typeface. Freelancer — Someone who works alone, usually on a contract-to-contract basis. Gatekeepers — People who determine what will be printed, broadcast, produced or consumed in the mass media.
Graf — Paragraph. Gutter — Narrow margin of white space in the center area in a magazine, newspaper or book, where two pages meet. Also the white space between text columns. Hammerhead — A large headline of only one or two words, followed by a longer and smaller head underneath. Hard Copy — A copy of an article or photo after it runs in the paper.
A physical copy of the final newsprint.Package - One or more articles and graphics designed thesis statement without opinion send another newspaper to the moon. The agency's media request, announced today, included a plan word when a short one will do. Wire or Wire Service - A term of information together on a page with a central theme.
Stet: A proofreading symbol that means to leave it the way it is. The agency's budget request, announced today, included a plan to send another mission to the moon. However, other factors are involved, some stylistic and some derived from the media form. Op-ed — A feature, usually by a prominent journalist, presenting an opinionated story. Retraction — A withdrawal of a previously-published story or fact. Spread: A package of stories or photographs, possibly on facing pages.
This term is used to mean three things and can get confusing. Widow — The last line of a paragraph that appears alone at the top of the next column. Feature — A longer, more in-depth article. Early presses had a flatbed printing process. Reefer or Refer— Pronounced reefer. Subheads are thus one type of entry point that help readers make choices, such as where to begin or continue reading.
A scene-setter lede introduces the article by highlighting a key location in the story - A broken-down cargo ship drifts towards the fringes of Australia's Great Barrier Reef amid fears of major damage to the World Heritage-listed site. Morgue — Newsroom library of old clips and full newspapers. All Caps — A word or sentence written in all capital letters. Churnalism — Bad journalism; journalists that churn out rewrites of press releases.
Paraphrase — An indirect quote or summary of words. Journalistic websites sometimes use animation techniques to swap one billboard for another e.
They offer anecdotes , examples and metaphors , and they rarely depend on generalizations or abstract ideas.
Cut — To remove text. This makes writing a lead an optimization problem, in which the goal is to articulate the most encompassing and interesting statement that a writer can make in one sentence, given the material with which he or she has to work. The prizes have been awarded by Columbia University since Commentary is usually confined to a separate section, though each paper may have a different overall slant.
Who did it happen to? Rim: The department that edits news copy and writes headlines. News coverage can be zoned to complement zoned ads. Summary Lead — The traditional journalism tool used to start off most hard news stories. Caption — Text printed below a picture used to describe it.
Widow — The last line of a paragraph that appears alone at the top of the next column.
Main article: Paragraph Paragraphs shortened as 'graphs, graphs, grafs or pars in journalistic jargon form the bulk of an article. An analysis lede introduces a story where the basic facts are already known and where readers are looking for explanation - The suspension of US sanctions in Myanmar in response to political reforms gives a green light to US firms looking for business opportunities.
Feature — A longer, more in-depth article.