The quality of biodiesel differs from one plant oil to the other. Hence, it is necessary to invent and discover new sources of fuel to lower the dependency on fuel based on petroleum because the present implementations can reduce the dependency only to a few extent. For example; pounds of vegetable oil is reacted with 10 pounds of methanol to yield 10 pounds of glycerin and pounds of biodiesel.
Biodiesel can be blended with petro- diesel in any relation. In over 15 million miles of in-field demonstrations, biodiesel showed similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque and haulage rates as conventional diesel fuel.
Feedstock The feedstock for transesterification can be any fatty acids from vegetable or animal origin, or used cooking oils UCO. Such parameter as, 1.
Reaction equation of the transesterification process Source: NREL Products The physical characteristics of fatty acid esters are very close to those of fossil diesel fuels; the high viscosity that pure vegetable oils display is reduced by the transesterification process. Biodiesel has a higher cetane number than diesel fuel. Mercedes Benz delivers biodiesel equipped cars upon request. The room temperature was noted down first. The release of deposits may clog filters.
This methodology was followed in our project. Required quantities of blends were prepared according to their ratios by volume. The end products of the transesterification process are raw biodiesel and raw glycerol. It can be used in diesel engines without modification.
Biodiesel can be used instead of mineral diesel in any car or truck. Next More Seminar Topics: Are you interested in this topic. By noting the change in level of fuel in the burette, the time taken for 10cc of fuel consumption was noted using a stop watch. After, the experimental part of the project was completed, the calculations were carried out and various graphs were drawn so as to discuss and arrive at specified result. The picture below shows the difference between raw jatropha oil and trans- esterified oil.
It can be used in diesel engines without modification. Biodiesel can be used as a pure fuel or blended with petroleum in any ratio. Third method: In the third method the biodiesel can be produced from the used cooking grease. The diagrammatic representation explaining the production of biodiesel using a flow chart is as shown below Biodiesel Images Advantages: Biodiesel has huge advantages along with little disadvantages, the pure form of biodiesel i. The picture below shows the difference between raw jatropha oil and trans- esterified oil.