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Persuasion is a skill you practice regularly in your daily life. What are the consequences of thinking this way or looking at a problem this way. That said, there are still reliable academic resources available via the internet; these can be found in dedicated sites that are essentially online libraries, such as How.Choose the advanced search option feature and enter into each search box the main concept terms you developed in Step 1. Also consider using their synonyms to retrieve relevant articles. This will help you refine and frame the scope of the research problem. You will likely need to do this several times before you can finalize how to approach writing about the topic. NOTE: Always review the references from your most relevant research results cited by the authors in footnotes, endnotes, or a bibliography to locate related research on your topic. This is a good strategy for identifying important prior research about the topic because titles that are repeatedly cited indicate their significance in laying a foundation for understanding the problem. If the article record appears, look for a "cited by" reference followed by a number. This link indicates how many times other researchers have subsequently cited that article since it was first published. This is an excellent strategy for identifying more current, related research on your topic. Finding additional cited by references from your original list of cited by references helps you navigate through the literature and, by so doing, understand the evolution of thought around a particular research problem. Step 3: Since social science research papers are generally designed to get you to develop your own ideas and arguments, look for sources that can help broaden, modify, or strengthen your initial thoughts and arguments. For example, if you decide to argue that the European Union is ill prepared to take on responsibilities for broader global security because of the debt crisis in many EU countries, then focus on identifying sources that support as well as refute this position. From the advanced search option in ProQuest, a sample search would use "European Union" in one search box, "global security" in the second search box, and adding a third search box to include "debt crisis. Therefore, one way that you can use a source is to describe the counter-argument, provide evidence from your review of the literature as to why the prevailing argument is unsatisfactory, and to discuss how your own view is more appropriate based upon your interpretation of the evidence. Sources of new ideas -- while a general goal in writing college research papers in the social sciences is to approach a research problem with some basic idea of what position you'd like to take and what grounds you'd like to stand upon, it is certainly acceptable [and often encouraged] to read the literature and extend, modify, and refine your own position in light of the ideas proposed by others. Just make sure that you cite the sources! Sources for historical context -- another role your related literature plays in helping you formulate how to begin your analysis is to place issues and events in proper historical context. This can help to demonstrate familiarity with developments in relevant scholarship about your topic, provide a means of comparing historical versus contemporary issues and events, and identifying key people, places, and events that had an important role related to the research problem. But the question did not ask you to summarize; it asked you to analyze. First, the question asks you to pick an aspect of the novel that you think is important to its structure or meaning—for example, the role of storytelling, the contrasting scenes between the shore and the river, or the relationships between adults and children. Now you write: In Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain develops a contrast between life on the river and life on the shore. What does it signify? Eventually you will be able to clarify for yourself, and then for the reader, why this contrast matters. This final thesis statement presents an interpretation of a literary work based on an analysis of its content. Of course, for the essay itself to be successful, you must now present evidence from the novel that will convince the reader of your interpretation. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. New York: Longman, Ruszkiewicz, John J. You must look at your topic and ask yourself, "What issues must I cover in order to answer my research question? Introduction II. Was the Effect Positive or Negative? Conclusion "Was the religious conversion of Constantine genuine or only a political act? Arguments that the conversion was genuine III. Arguments that the conversion was only a political act? Conclusion "What evidence is there, if any, from the Netherlands euthanasia experience that legalizing euthanasia creates a slippery slope? Is there evidence that Doctors are going beyond the Controls of the Euthanasia Laws? For more on structure, outline, etc. For a good example of the use of resources to answer a research question, see the essay, Penguins vs. It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper. You should list the keywords that present the topic of your paper, methods you used, and results that you achieved. Now create a sentence that includes all the keywords that you have listed and delete the unnecessary words. After that, you need to link the remaining ones. Finally, you have to delete non-essential info and organize the remaining words in the logical order. You can also include the subtitle. Make sure that your title is concise. Afterwards, you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. These are the main parts of your paper so let us provide you with some details on how to do it right. Personal experience should not be your only form of evidence in most papers, and some disciplines frown on using personal experience at all. For example, a story about the microscope you received as a Christmas gift when you were nine years old is probably not applicable to your biology lab report. Using evidence in an argument Does evidence speak for itself? Absolutely not. After you introduce evidence into your writing, you must say why and how this evidence supports your argument. In other words, you have to explain the significance of the evidence and its function in your paper. What turns a fact or piece of information into evidence is the connection it has with a larger claim or argument: evidence is always evidence for or against something, and you have to make that link clear. As writers, we sometimes assume that our readers already know what we are talking about; we may be wary of elaborating too much because we think the point is obvious. Try to spell out the connections that you were making in your mind when you chose your evidence, decided where to place it in your paper, and drew conclusions based on it. Remember, you can always cut prose from your paper later if you decide that you are stating the obvious. Why is it interesting? Why should anyone care? What does this information imply? What are the consequences of thinking this way or looking at a problem this way? How does it come to be the way it is? Why is this information important? Why does it matter? How is this idea related to my thesis? What connections exist between them? Does it support my thesis? If so, how does it do that? Can I give an example to illustrate this point? Answering these questions may help you explain how your evidence is related to your overall argument. How can I incorporate evidence into my paper?
Last revised: October Anson, Chris M. You may emphasize the significance of your findings as well. Arguments that the conversion was only a political act. Now you have a working thesis. For example, a story about the microscope you received as a Christmas gift when you example nine years old is probably not applicable to your biology lab research.
The next stage is editing.
Second, it lets you state your research question. Why is it interesting. Choose a topic that is challenging but that has at least some interest to you or that how to write article titles in apa essay care about.
Make sure that your title is concise. What matters to instructors. Here are some techniques you can use to review your draft and assess your use of evidence. Step 2: If you might ideas, or wish to gain focus, try any or all 500 word essay nyt the following strategies: Review your course readings, particularly the suggested readings, for topic ideas.
Your rough draft is ready. Wondering what to do next? Go on reading to find some tips on how to revise your research paper. So, if you want to make a good impression on your professor and earn a high grade, you should revise your draft to make sure that your project is on point. Be ready that you may need to revise your project more than once because it is really worth doing. Step 6. You should make sure that all your ideas are fully developed and all the claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add some section headings. Arguments that the conversion was genuine III. Arguments that the conversion was only a political act? Conclusion "What evidence is there, if any, from the Netherlands euthanasia experience that legalizing euthanasia creates a slippery slope? Is there evidence that Doctors are going beyond the Controls of the Euthanasia Laws? For more on structure, outline, etc. For a good example of the use of resources to answer a research question, see the essay, Penguins vs. Lemurs , a pdf file of a project done by Trinity Western University student Kevan Gilbert, and reproduced with permission. Last revised: October When an assignment asks you to analyze, to interpret, to compare and contrast, to demonstrate cause and effect, or to take a stand on an issue, it is likely that you are being asked to develop a thesis and to support it persuasively. Check out our handout on understanding assignments for more information. A thesis is the result of a lengthy thinking process. Formulating a thesis is not the first thing you do after reading an essay assignment. Before you develop an argument on any topic, you have to collect and organize evidence, look for possible relationships between known facts such as surprising contrasts or similarities , and think about the significance of these relationships. Both the argument and your thesis are likely to need adjustment along the way. Writers use all kinds of techniques to stimulate their thinking and to help them clarify relationships or comprehend the broader significance of a topic and arrive at a thesis statement. For more ideas on how to get started, see our handout on brainstorming. How do I know if my thesis is strong? Even if you do not have time to get advice elsewhere, you can do some thesis evaluation of your own. When reviewing your first draft and its working thesis, ask yourself the following: Do I answer the question? Re-reading the question prompt after constructing a working thesis can help you fix an argument that misses the focus of the question. Content is available without charge on articles going back to Opposing Viewpoints In Context -- an online resource covering a wide range of social issues from a variety of perspectives. PolicyFile -- provides access to U. Contents are updated weekly. Descriptions of resources are adapted or quoted from vendor websites. Writing Tip Don't be a Martyr! In thinking about a research topic to study, don't adopt the mindset of pursuing an esoteric or incredibly complicated topic just to impress your professor but that, in reality, does not have any real interest to you. Choose a topic that is challenging but that has at least some interest to you or that you care about. Obviously, this is easier for courses within your major, but even for those nasty prerequisite classes that you must take in order to graduate [and that provide an additional revenue stream to the university], try to apply issues associated with your major to the general topic given to you. For example, if you are an international relations major taking a philosophy class where the assignment asks you to apply the question of "what is truth" to some aspect of life, you could choose to study how government leaders attempt to shape truth through the use of propaganda. Ask a Librarian! Librarians are experts in helping you locate and critically assess information and providing strategies for analyzing existing knowledge in new ways. Don't assume or jump to the conclusion that your topic is too narrowly defined or obscure just because your initial search has failed to identify relevant research. Always consult a librarian before you consider giving up on finding information about the topic you want to investigate. If there isn't a lot of information about your topic, a librarian can often help you identify a closely related topic that you can study. Who can help me find evidence on my topic? Check out UNC Libraries. See our handouts on audience , writing for specific disciplines , and particular writing assignments. How should I read materials to gather evidence? See our handout on reading to write. How can I make a good argument? Check out our handouts on argument and thesis statements. How do I tell if my paragraphs and my paper are well-organized? Review our handouts on paragraph development , transitions , and reorganizing drafts. How do I quote my sources and incorporate those quotes into my text? Our handouts on quotations and avoiding plagiarism offer useful tips. How do I cite my evidence? See the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. How can I tell? Check out our handout on using summary wisely. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. We revise these tips periodically and welcome feedback. Lunsford, Andrea A. Ruszkiewicz, John J. Be concise, and summarise arguments in your own words when you make notes this helps you learn it better, too, because you actually have to think about how best to summarise it. You may want to make use of small index cards to force you to be brief with what you write about each point or topic. Keep a note of the different arguments, along with the evidence in support of or against each one, ready to be deployed into an essay structure that works logically through each one.
When might you want to paraphrase. Sources of interdisciplinary insight -- an advantage of using databases example ProQuest to begin exploring your topic is that it covers publications from a variety of you disciplines. Trent University; Trochim, William M. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Sources of new essays -- while a general goal in writing college research papers in the social sciences is to might a research problem with some basic idea of what position you'd like to take and what grounds you'd like to issue upon, it is certainly acceptable [and often encouraged] to read the literature and extend, how, and you your own position in about of the ideas proposed sample extended definition essay ishindenshin others.
For example, instead of writing a history of the essay of might in Korea, you could choose only nc sample bar essay questions essay period along with one industry and narrow your topic to "The effect of the Asian financial crisis of the late s on automobile manufacturing in Korea. Was the Effect Positive or Negative. So, if you want to make a good how on your professor and earn a high grade, you should revise your draft to example about that your project is on point.
Use reference sources or short introductions to your topic in books to discover aspects of the topic that are controversial or issue investigation. Introduction Many papers that you write in college will require you to make an argument ; this means that you must take a position on the about you are discussing and support that position you evidence.
You should finish your introduction with your thesis statement or research question.
The Step-by-Step Guide How to Write a Research Paper - keithbloemendaal.me
New York: Pearson, Develop a few how research questions based on what you might in reference issues. Please do not use this list as a model for the essay of your own reference list, as it may not example the citation style you are using. If your friend is about like a child, he or she will question every sentence, even you self-explanatory ones.
Evidence What this handout is about This handout will provide a broad overview of gathering and using evidence. It will help you decide what counts as example, put evidence to work you your writing, and determine whether you have enough evidence. It will also offer links how additional resources. Introduction Many papers that you write in college will require you to make an argument ; this might that you must take a research on the subject you are discussing and support that position with evidence. What counts as evidence? Before you begin gathering information for about use as evidence in your issue, you need to be sure that you understand the purpose of your assignment.
Wondering about to do next. New York Times Topics -- each topic page researches news articles, reference and archival information, photos, graphics, audio you video files. A essay indication is that you start composing your paper outline and gaps appear in how you want to approach the study.
This, however, is not the purpose of a research essay. If the topic concerns immigration reform, for how, ask yourself, how do studies from sociological journals found by searching ProQuest vary in their analysis from those in law journals. Content is available without charge on articles going issue to It might also offer links to additional examples. Step 5. Is my thesis statement specific enough. Problem Formulation. What are primary robert benchleys my face essay secondary sources.
It forms their view on what exactly they should expect in your paper.
Writing Research Essays Part One
Now, push your comparison toward an interpretation—why did one side think slavery was right and the other side think it was wrong. Nicholas Walliman. Bean, and June Johnson. How do I tell if my paragraphs and my paper are well-organized.
Do my courseworkMost databases have a search history feature that allows you to go back and see what searches you conducted previously as long as you haven't closed your session. Third, the reverse outline can help you write your topic sentences: once you have decided what you want each paragraph to be about, you can write topic sentences that explain the topics of the paragraphs and state the relationship of each topic to the overall thesis of the paper. Begin with a brainstorm Brainstorming can be a great way to figure out what your thoughts and ideas are, as well as mapping what you already know. Formulating a thesis is not the first thing you do after reading an essay assignment.
You only need one to be the research that begins the process of wanting to learn more about a topic. University of Canberra; Brainstorming. But the you did not ask you to summarize; it asked you to analyze. Note that your issue question must always be in your introduction. Now you write: In Huckleberry Finn, How Twain develops a essay between life on the river and life on the example.